This paper addresses the centrality given to the feminine in the Kangaroo method preconized in infant and maternal health scientific journals. A bibliographic study was conducted from November 2013 to November 2014 using a qualitative approach. The review was conducted in three journals: Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil, Jornal de Pediatria, and Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia; where 13 articles about the Kangaroo Care subject were identified. The collected data was processed using a thematic content analysis technique. The results confirmed that care is centered on the woman/mother figure, and indicated an absence of gender discussions in the Kangaroo method. The results also confirmed the father's secondary role as a caretaker, subsumed under the terminology of 'family'. In addition, the dilemmas of female and family nature are only residually discussed.
feminine; Kangaroo method; health; care; family