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A New Interpretative Basis for the High Performance GMAW Process

Abstract

Numerous GMAW processes have appeared for one-pass welding of medium to high thickness. This concept originated in the 1980s with the T.I.M.E. technique and the 1990s and 2000s saw the emergence of Rapid Arc, Rapid Melt and Buried Arc techniques. These processes did not include any special control features, but rather parameter combinations to improve bead geometry. A new interpretation of the factors that are critical to achieving high performance GMAW (penetration) is presented herein. Tests with a voltage controlled power source with inductance control and the Rapid Arc process were conducted on bead-on-plate for high speed videography. Later, validation tests were conducted on butt joints, with the technique developed, with and without groove on AISI 1020, 3/8” thick steel plates. The power source may be of voltage control but has to provide a dynamic response able to sustain a metastable equilibrium of the molten pool applying the semi-keyhole technique. The technique developed was able to weld, in a single pass, 3/8” thick butt joint steel plates. The results showed that a power source, to achieve the GMAW buried arc condition, only needs to provide dynamic characteristics able to maintain the molten pool in a metastable equilibrium.

Keywords:
Deep penetration GMA welding; Inductance control; Current dynamics; DynaFlex-Arc

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