Time trends in physical activity of adult users of the Brazilian National Health System: 2010-2014. Longitudinal study

Tendência temporal da atividade física de adultos usuários do sistema público de saúde brasileiro: 2010-2014. Estudo longitudinal

Bruna Camilo Turi Jamile Sanches Codogno Rômulo Araújo Fernandes Kyle Robinson Lynch Eduardo Kokubun Henrique Luiz Monteiro About the authors

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE:

In this longitudinal study, we aimed to describe time trends of physical activity (PA) in different domains from 2010 to 2014 among users of the Brazilian National Health System, taking into account the effects of sex, age and economic status (ES).

DESIGN AND SETTING:

Longitudinal study conducted in five primary care units in Bauru (SP), Brazil.

METHODS:

The sample was composed of 620 men and women who were interviewed in 2010, 2012 and 2014. The same group of researchers conducted the interviews, using the questionnaire developed by Baecke et al. Scores for occupational, exercise/sport, leisure-time/transportation and overall PA were considered in this longitudinal survey. Time trends of PA over the four years of follow-up were assessed according to sex, age and ES.

RESULTS:

We found that after four years of follow-up, the reduction in overall PA (-13.6%; 95% confidence interval, CI = -11.9 to -15.3) was statistically significant. Additionally, declines in the occupational domain and exercise/sports participation were affected by age, while the reduction in overall PA was affected by sex, age and ES.

CONCLUSIONS:

Overall PA decreased significantly from 2010 to 2014 among these outpatients of the Brazilian National Health System, and age and male sex were important determinants of PA in its different domains.

KEY WORDS:
Motor activity; Primary health care; Public health; Risk factors; Epidemiology

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