This study's objectives were to identify the prevalence of breastfeeding in children younger than 12 months of age enrolled in the Family Health Strategy and identify cases of reported acute diarrhea, associating them with breastfeeding categories and factors that interfere in the practice of breastfeeding. This descriptive and cross-sectional study, based on statistical analysis, was conducted with 854 children living in a municipality in Northeastern Brazil. The prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding among children under six months of age was 32%. Exclusively breastfed children under the age of six months were less likely to experience diarrhea compared to mixed-breastfeeding children. Children using pacifiers, bottles or consuming water were less likely to be breastfed, while those consuming porridge were more likely to experience diarrhea. Strategies to promote, protect and support breastfeeding require continuous improvement, especially in regard to factors leading to early weaning, in order to achieve better indicators and improve prevention of acute diarrhea and promote child health.
Child; Breastfeeding; Acute diarrhea