Supervision promotes changes in the services under the perspective of psychosocial care. Its institutionalization took place in the fields of clinical practice, training and management in health, and it expresses contradictory forces that were established and that also establish these forces. The present study originated from a research that analyzed the clinical-institutional supervision process within two teams of the health care network of a municipality in the countryside of the Northeastern region of Brazil. The theoretical-methodological framework used was that of the institutional analysis, under a socioclinical perspective. The process took place throughout 12 meetings from March 2011 through February 2012, and was recorded on institutional journals. During this process we evidenced that: the analysis of the order, and especially of the demands, mobilized the supervision process; there were conflicts regarding the use of clinical cases and the development of unique therapeutic projects, as well as regarding the understanding of the supervision training process; there were rivalries and cooperation between the two teams regarding the development of care in municipal networks; challenges arose regarding the care of the crisis in the context of the regional networks under the perspective of psychosocial care. The supervision directive must be expanded and internalized, and constantly reviewed so it can be in line with the presuppositions of psychosocial care, and also to provide moments of experimentation on the part of the workers as groups-subjects.
psychosocial care; institutional analysis; psychosocial care network; supervision in mental health