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The Migration Business: Entrepreneurs, Agents, and Colonization in 19th-Century Brazil

ABSTRACT

In the nineteenth century, the Empire of Brazil implemented immigration policies to attract European peasant families for the colonization of lands considered vacant. With the aim of diversifying agricultural production and promoting the “whitening” of the nation, the government established contracts with entrepreneurs for the creation of both public and private colonies. In this context, this article analyzes the actions of the Franco-Italian Sabino Tripoti in his colonization project in the province of Paraná, using his memoir written in 1877, in comparison with other sources such as newspapers, reports, and diplomatic documents. Through the study of Tripoti’s trajectory, we will investigate the various actors involved in the migratory movement, the dynamics of those who facilitated the arrival of Italian families, as well as the criticism from those who opposed this process. The success or failure of the colonies designated for Italians in Brazil depended on factors related to the changing policies within the Empire, which encouraged competition between public and private colonies.

Keywords:
Italian Immigration; Migration Policy; Subsidized Colonization; Trajectory Studies; Migration Networks

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