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Mechanism of resistance and presence of different resistance genes to Ramularia areola in two cotton genotypes

Mecanismo de resistência e presença de genes diferentes de resistência a Ramularia areola em dois genótipos de algodoeiro

Carla Zandoná Tanara G. Novaes Maria Paula Nunes Wilson P. Almeida Paulo H. Aguiar Camilo L. Morello Ivan Shuster Yeshwant R. Mehta About the authors

Earlier studies showed that the resistance of cotton genotype FMT 02102996 to Ramularia areola is governed by one dominant gene. More recently, the resistance of another genotype CNPA BA 2003-2059 to R. areola was detected under field and glasshouse conditions. Present investigation was conducted to verify the mechanism of resistance of the genotype CNPA BA 2003-2059 and to find out if the resistance of these two genotypes is governed by the same or by different genes. Segregating plant populations derived from the cross between the resistant genotype CNPA BA 2003-2059 and the susceptible genotype FMT 701, the back cross populations, as well as those derived from the cross between the two resistant genotypes were evaluated for disease severity by artificial inoculations under glasshouse conditions. The ratio of plants segregating for resistance and susceptibility was studied by χ2 test. The results indicated that the resistance to R. areola in genotype CNPA BA 2003-2059 is governed by one dominant gene and that the resistance in each one of the resistant genotypes is governed by a different dominant gene. These results may assist the local breeding programs aimed at pyramiding resistance genes to this pathogen and may form the basis for genetic mapping of resistance genes.

Gossypium hirsutum; genetics; inheritance of resistance

Sociedade Brasileira de Fitopatologia Sociedade Brasileira de Fitopatologia, SGAS 902 Edifício Athenas - Bl. B, Salas 102/103, 70390-020 Brasília - DF Brasil, Tel: (55 61) 3225-2421 - Brasília - DF - Brazil