Two new replacement names in Ichneumonidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) from the Neotropical Region

Daniell R.R. Fernandes About the author

ABSTRACT

New replacement names are proposed in Trathala Cameron, 1899 (Ichneumonidae: Cremastinae) and Enicospilus Stephens, 1835 (Ichneumonidae: Ophioninae) from the Neotropical Region.

KEY WORDS.
Cremastinae; Enicospilus; Ophioninae; parasitoid wasp; Trathala

During the compilation of data for the checklist of Brazilian Ophioninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) (Fernandes et al. 2014Fernandes DRR, Onody HC, Lara RIR, Perioto NW (2014) Annotated Checklist of Brazilian Ophioninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). EntomoBrasilis 7(2): 124-133. doi: 10.12741/ebrasilis.v7i2.330
https://doi.org/10.12741/ebrasilis.v7i2....
) and the catalog of Ichneumonidae from Brazil, organized under the framework of the Taxonomic Catalog of Brazilian Fauna (Catálogo Taxonômico da Fauna do Brasil - CTFB), two specific homonyms in Ichneumonidae were observed. Thus, according to the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, Article 57 (ICZN 1999ICZN (1999) International Code of Zoological Nomeclature. Lon don, International Trust for Zoological Nomeclature, 4th ed., 365p.), I propose new replacement names for these junior secondary homonyms.

NOMENCLATURE

Cremastinae Forster, 1869

Trathala Cameron, 1899

Trathala enderleini nom. nov.

Townes (in Townes & Townes 1966Townes H, Townes M (1966) A catalogue and reclassification of neotropic Ichneumonidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 8: 1-367.) transferred Cremastus flaviceps Enderlein, 1921 to Trathala flaviceps (Enderlein, 1921), but this name was preoccupied by Trathala flaviceps (Cameron, 1911). Consequently, the name described by Enderlein (1921Enderlein G (1921) Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropaischer Ichneumoniden V. Uber die Familie Ophionidae. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung 82: 3-45.) is invalid. Here, I propose Trathala enderleini nom. nov. for Trathala flaviceps (Enderlein, 1921).

Etymology. The new specific name is in honor to Günther Enderlein, an eminent entomologist and zoologist and author of the species.

Ophioninae Shuckard, 1840

Enicospilus Stephens, 1835

Enicospilus innominatus nom. nov.

Brullé (1846Brullé MA (1846) Des Hymenopteres, p. 1-680. In: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau A (Ed.) Histoire Naturelles des Insectes. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, 680p.) described Ophion flavus Brullé, 1846 from one female from French Guiana. Later, Townes (in Townes & Townes 1966Townes H, Townes M (1966) A catalogue and reclassification of neotropic Ichneumonidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 8: 1-367.) transferred this species to Enicospilus Stephens, 1835 and renamed it as Enicospilus laevis Townes, 1966, because the name "flavus" was preoccupied by Enicospilus flavus (Fabricius, 1775) (Townes & Townes 1966Townes H, Townes M (1966) A catalogue and reclassification of neotropic Ichneumonidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 8: 1-367.). However, another species already had that same name, Enicospilus laevis (Seyrig, 1935) [now a junior synonym of Enicospilus communis (Szépligeti, 1906), sinonymized by Gauld & Mitchell 1978Gauld ID, Mitchell PA (1978) The taxonomy, distribution and host preferences of African parasitic wasps of the subfamily Ophioninae. Slough, Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, 287p.] (Yu & Horstmann 1997Yu D, Horstmann K (1997) Catalogue of world Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera). Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 58: 1-1558.). Consequently, the new name proposed by Townes for Ophion flavus Brullé, 1846 is invalid. Herein I propose Enicospilus innominatus nom. nov.for Ophion flavus Brullé, 1846.

Etymology. The new specific name refers to the fact that the species had no valid name after it was discovered that the original and further replacement species names were no longer valid.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

To Bernardo F. dos Santos, Gil F.G. Miranda, José A. Rafael and Ricardo Kawada for comments and suggestions. To CAPES for the postdoctoral fellowship granted (PNPD/CAPES).

LITERATURE CITED

  • Brullé MA (1846) Des Hymenopteres, p. 1-680. In: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau A (Ed.) Histoire Naturelles des Insectes. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, 680p.
  • Enderlein G (1921) Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropaischer Ichneumoniden V. Uber die Familie Ophionidae. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung 82: 3-45.
  • Fernandes DRR, Onody HC, Lara RIR, Perioto NW (2014) Annotated Checklist of Brazilian Ophioninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). EntomoBrasilis 7(2): 124-133. doi: 10.12741/ebrasilis.v7i2.330
    » https://doi.org/10.12741/ebrasilis.v7i2.330
  • Gauld ID, Mitchell PA (1978) The taxonomy, distribution and host preferences of African parasitic wasps of the subfamily Ophioninae. Slough, Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, 287p.
  • ICZN (1999) International Code of Zoological Nomeclature. Lon don, International Trust for Zoological Nomeclature, 4th ed., 365p.
  • Townes H, Townes M (1966) A catalogue and reclassification of neotropic Ichneumonidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 8: 1-367.
  • Yu D, Horstmann K (1997) Catalogue of world Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera). Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 58: 1-1558.

Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    Nov-Dec 2015

History

  • Received
    19 Aug 2015
  • Reviewed
    15 Oct 2015
  • Accepted
    29 Oct 2015
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