Types of Papers
Original research articles: Papers for dissemination of new results of scientific research, either quantitative or qualitative, constituting full papers. Their formal structure must present the following topics: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion and References. A maximum of 40 references, of which 70% must be articles published in national and international journals, preferably from the last 5 years. Subtitles, citations of clinical implications, and limitations of the study, particularly in the discussion of the article, are recommended. It is suggested, whenever appropriate, to detail under the "Methods" the approval of the Ethics Committee and state the case number, study design, place where it was performed, participants, clinical outcomes of interest, and intervention. The abstract should be within 200 words and structured as follows: Purpose, Methods, Results and Conclusion.
Literature review articles: Literature reviews, possibly integrative, systematic, or scoping reviews, making critical and commented reviews of a subject of scientific interest in the Speech-Language Therapy/Audiology and related areas, which must bring new insights on the theme, point out gaps of knowledge on the subject, raise new discussions or indicate paths to be researched. Other categories of literature reviews will be accepted at the discretion of the editors, requiring prior consultation by the authors. Their formal structure must include the following: Introduction, which justifies the theme of the review, including the clinical question and the objective; Methods, with the search strategy applied (manual search and electronic search, sources of information, search strategies with keywords, filters, etc.), details on the selection criteria of the researched literature (selection steps, eligibility criteria, number of evaluators, procedures, selection diagram, etc.), analysis of methodological quality in systematic reviews (instrument, number of evaluators, procedures), collection and extraction (extraction procedures, types of data extracted) and data analysis (qualitative data synthesis strategy and presentation of results, if applicable, quantitative data synthesis strategy, heterogeneity assessment, subgroup analysis, sensitivity analysis, publication bias analysis, etc.); Literature Review, commented with discussion; Conclusion; and References. Amaximum of 40 references to articles published in national and international journals. In case of need for a greater number of references, the editors may be consulted. The abstract should not exceed 200 words and should state the Purpose, Methods, Literature Review and Conclusion. Systematic review articles registered in PROSPERO will be preferred (https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/).
The scientific writing of Systematic Reviews should follow the PRISMA checklist – (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) and that the Scope Reviews follow the PRISMA-ScR checklist (Preferred Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews).
Literature review protocols will be accepted in the category of literature review articles. They will be accepted only in cases where the study has not started or the data extraction phase has not begun. The protocols must contain the following topics: introduction with a description of PICO or PCC, research question, hypothesis and objectives; methods containing eligibility criteria, information sources, search strategy, data selection and extraction, outcomes, risk of bias assessment, data synthesis, meta-analysis (if applicable) and assessment of certainty of evidence; and, discussion containing the relevance of the proposed revision, weaknesses and strengths. Literature review protocols registered on other platforms must report the registration number in the methodology. The protocols must include all items and be accompanied by the PRISMA-P (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic review and Meta-Analysis Protocols) checklist. The abstract must be structured within 200 words and contain the following topics: Purpose, Methods, and Final Considerations/Conclusions.
Brief communication: Brief reports of research or professional experience with methodologically appropriate evidence; manuscripts that describe new methods or techniques will also be considered. Their formal structure must include the following: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Final Considerations/Conclusions, and References. The abstract must be structured within 200 words and contain the following topics: Purpose, Methods, Results, and Final Considerations/Conclusions.
Reports of clinical cases: Rare or uncommon cases, particularly interesting or that yield new knowledge and treatment techniques or reflections. They must be original and unpublished. Their formal structure must include the following: Introduction, short and supported by the literature that justifies the presentation of the case; Case Report, description of the history, procedures, and treatments performed; Results, clearly showing the progress achieved; Discussion, based on facts; Conclusion/Final Considerations, and References, regarding the report. Maximum of 30 references to articles published in national and international journals, preferably from the last 5 years. The abstract should not exceed 200 words and should not be structured. The scientific writing of clinical cases reports should follow the recommendations of The CARE Guidelines: Consensus-based Clinical Case Reporting Guideline Development.
Letters to the editor: Comments and criticisms regarding published articles, in a constructive, objective, and educational way, or discussions of current specific issues. The letters must be brief (not to exceed 1,000 words) and are published according to the Editors’ criteria.
The author responsible for the submission must inform the ORCID of each author of the paper. In case they do not have it, they can create it upon submission of the article.
The journal's guidelines are based on the format proposed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and published in the article: Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals, version from February 2006 available at: http://www.icmje.org/
CEFAC Journal supports the policies for registration of clinical trials of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), recognizing the importance of these initiatives for the registration and international dissemination of information on clinical trials in open access. A clinical trial is any study that prospectively assigns human beings to intervention or comparison groups to evaluate the cause and effect between a medical intervention and a health outcome. Clinical trials must be registered in one of the following registries:
Australian Clinical Trials Registry
Nederlands Trial Register
Authors are encouraged to consult the guidelines relevant to their specific research design. For randomized clinical trials, authors should consult the CONSORT Statement (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) recommendations; for observational studies, STROBE Statement (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology); and, for diagnostic studies, STARD (Standards for Reporting Studies of Diagnostic Accuracy).
CEFAC Journal accepts manuscripts that have been deposited on a non-commercial preprint server, as long as they are not in the process of being evaluated by another journal. The submission to the preprints server can be carried out before or in parallel with the submission to CEFAC Journal.
The author responsible for the submission must inform if the manuscript has been deposited in a preprints server and must provide the corresponding DOI.
a) MS Word file, Arial font, size 12, single-spaced on 212 × 297 mm (A4 size) pages with 2.5 cm margins at the top, bottom, and left margin, with pages numbered in Arabic numerals, and ordered in the following sequence: title page abstract and keywords; text; acknowledgments; references; tables and figures with their legends.
The manuscript must be up to 15 pages, typed single-spaced (from the introduction to before the references), maximum of 10 tables (or figures). Graphics, photographs, and illustrations are characterized as figures. Questionnaires can be included as Annexes and must necessarily be framed.
b) Permission to reproduce the photographic material of patients or another author, in which case an attached copy of the “Informed Consent” is required with approval to use the images in scientific publications.
c) Approval of the Research Ethics Committee (REC), when reporting human research. It is mandatory to provide the approval of the Ethics Committee of the institution where the research issue was held, as well as information on the signatures of the "Informed Consent" forms for all those involved or their guardians (Resolution CNS 466/2012).
d) Letter signed by all authors in the Statement of Responsibility stating that the manuscript is original and that the authors are responsible for the uploaded content, stating that the article was never published or submitted elsewhere, granting exclusive rights to CEFAC Journal, and authorizing the editing of the text to the journal's format, preserving its contents. The lack of signature will be interpreted as disinterest in or refusal of publication, determining the editorial exclusion of the name of this person from the list of authors. Every person designated as author should have participated sufficiently in the paper to take public responsibility for its content. Authorship credit should be based only on 1) substantial contributions to the conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; 3) final approval of the version to be published. Editors may request justification when the total number of authors exceeds eight. It will not be allowed to include a new author after first peer review is received.
STATEMENTOF RESPONSABILITY – FORM
We, name(s) of author(s), are responsible for the content and authenticity of the paper entitled ______________________, and we declare that this article has never been published and is not under analysis by another journal , and grant exclusive rights to the CEFAC Journal regarding marketing, editing and publishing it either in print or online on the Internet. We authorize editors to adapt the text to the journal's format, preserving its contents. We also declare that we have read and complied with all the requirements presented in the Declaration of Responsibilities and Duties of the Authors, which can be accessed through the link.
Date, Signature of every Author
PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPT
1. Title page: Should contain: a) the title of the manuscript in English, which should be concise and informative; b) running head no longer than 40 characters, including spaces; c) full name of each author, with the institutional affiliation of the author during the period when all or most of the research was done, City, State, and Country; d) name, full address, and e-mail of the author, to whom the correspondence should be sent; e) area the paper addresses: Language, Fluency, Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders, Voice, Audiology, Dysphagia, Public Health, Neurofunctional Speech Therapy, Gerontology, Neuropsychology, Work Speech Therapy and Audiology, Speech Expertise, SLP in Schools, and Related Areas; f) identification of the type of manuscript: original research article, literature review article, brief communications, case reports, letter to editor; g) the sources of grants for research or study-related funding indication, if there is one; h) conflict of interest (if there is none, write “Nonexistent”); i) indicate the participation of substantial contributions in the following phases: (1) conception and design of the study, or the acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of the data, (2) elaboration of the article or critical review for relevant intellectual content, (3) final approval of the version to be presented for publication.
Title of the manuscript:
Running head: no longer than 40 characters.
Lead Author (1), First Co-Author (2)...
(1)Institutional affiliation of the author where the research was done, city, state, country:
Name, address and e-mail of the lead author:
Type of manuscript:
Funding: only if there is any.
Conflict of interests:
Participation of substantial contributions:
2. Title: It must adequately indicate the issue treated in the article, being general/comprehensive, as by not identifying the city or institution in which the research was carried out, for example.
3. Abstract and Keywords: The second page must contain the abstract, no longer than 200 words. It must be structured according to the type of study described above. The abstract is intended to provide a clear view of the main parts of the study, highlighting the most significant data, new aspects of the content, and conclusions. Symbols, formulas, equations, and abbreviations should not be used.
Underneath the abstract, specify the keywords that define the subject of the study: a minimum of three and a maximum of six words. The descriptors must be based on the DeCS (Descritores em Ciências da Saúde - Descriptors in Health Sciences) published by Bireme, which is a translation of the MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) from the National Library of Medicine, available at the website: http://www.bireme.br (go to: health terminology – DeCS search; or straight to the following address: http://decs.bvs.br. In the case of clinical trials, underneath the abstract, indicate the registration number at the Clinical Trials base.
4. Text: Must follow the structure required for the respective type of manuscript. Abbreviations should be avoided. When the use of acronyms is required, they must be preceded by the term in full at the first appearance in the text. References should be cited, numbered consecutively in the order they appear on the text, using superscript Arabic numerals. Avoid indicating the name of authors.
The introduction must contain data that introduce the theme to reader in a concise and clear way; the objective must be clearly stated in the last paragraph of the introduction. For example: “The objective(s) of this study was (were)...” and it must match the objective proposed in the abstract.
The Method must be described in detail. The first paragraph must start by stating the project approval by the Research Ethics Committee (REC), with the protocol number. The inclusion and exclusion criteria must be specified in each case. The procedures must be clearly described so as to enable replication of the study or complete understanding of what and how it was accomplished. The relevant protocols to understand the method must be incorporated into the methodology at the end of this item and not as an attachment, and must state the theoretical approach on which the research was based (protocols adapted from authors or used in full, etc.). The last paragraph must include the type of statistical analysis used, describing the tests used and the significance value set. In case hypothesis tests were not used, specify how the results will be presented.
Results can be displayed in a descriptive way with tables or figures (graphs, photographs, and illustrations are all called figures), choosing those that are most convenient. We request that the data presented not be repeated in graphs or text.
5. Footnotes: There should be no footnotes. If the information is important for the understanding or reproduction of the study, it must be included in the article.
6. Acknowledgments: Include collaborators who must be acknowledged but do not have to be included as authors, and acknowledgment of financial support, technical aid, and so on.
7. References: Articles cited must indexed in national and international databases. Articles with a complete version in English must be referenced. References must be formatted in “Vancouver Style”, as shown in the examples below, and the titles of journals must be abbreviated in accordance with the List of Journal Indexed in Index Medicus, of the National Library of Medicine and available at:https://www.nlm.nih.gov/index.html
References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are cited in the text, and citations are written as superscript Arabic numerals. If they are sequential, they need to be separated by a hyphen. If they are non-sequential, the separation must be done by commas.
The author(s) should be referenced to by his/her last or family names, and only the first letter is to be capitalized, followed by the abbreviations of given name(s) without periods.
For all references, mention every author up to six. If there are more than six, list the first six, followed by et al.
Personal communications and unpublished or in-progress studies may be quoted when absolutely necessary, but they should not be included in the list of references, only mentioned in the text.
Author(s) of the article. Title of the Article. Abbreviated title of the journal. Year of publication; volume (number): initial-final page of the article.
For example: Shriberg LD, Flipsen PJ, Thielke H, Kwiatkowski J, Kertoy MK, Katcher ML, et al. Risk for speech disorder associated with early recurrent otitis media with effusions: two retrospective studies. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2000;43(1):79-99.
Note: When the pages from the consulted article include repeated numbers, give only those that differ. For example: pp. 320-329; use 320-9.
For example: Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;25(4):284-7.
Lack of Authorship
Title of the Article. Abbreviated title of the journal. Year of publication; volume (number): initial-final page of the article.
For example: Combating undernutrition in the Third World. Lancet. 1988;1(8581):334-6.
Author(s) of the book. Title of the book. Edition. City of publication: Publisher; Year of publication.
For example: Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
Author(s) of the chapter. Title of the chapter. "In": name(s) of author(s) or editor(s). Title of the Book. Edition. City of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Initial-final pages of the chapter.
For example: Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. pp. 93-113.
Notes: In the identification of the city of publication, the abbreviation of the state or province can also be added between parentheses. For example: Berkeley (CA); if it is a country it can be added in full. For example: Adelaide (Australia);
If it is the first edition of the book, there is no need to identify it. The indication of the edition number will use the abbreviation in English. For example: 4th ed.
Author(s) of the article. Title of the article. Title of the event; date of the event; place of the event. City of publication: Publisher; Year of publication.
For example: Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001 Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.
Author(s) of the article. Title of the presented article. "In": responsible editor(s) for the event (if any). Title of the Event: Proceedings or Annals of the title of the event; date of the event; place of the event. City of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Initial-final pages of the article.
For example: Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza’s computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: FosterJA, Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002. pp. 182-91.
Dissertation, thesis and course completion assignment
Author. Title of the study [type of document]. City of the institution (state): institution; Year the study was formally presented at the institution.
For example: Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.
For example: Tannouri AJR, Silveira PG. Campanha de prevenção do AVC: doença carotídea extracerebral na população da grande Florianópolis [course work completion]. Florianópolis (SC): Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Curso de Medicina. Departamento de Clínica Médica; 2005.
For example: Cantarelli A. Língua: que órgão é este? [dissertation]. São Paulo (SP): CEFAC – Saúde e Educação; 1998.
Unpublished Sources (in press)
Author(s) of the article. Title of the Article. Abbreviated title of the journal. Indicate, in press, and the probable year of publication, after acceptance.
For example: Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman M. Signature of balancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. In press 2002.
Author(s). Title of the material [media type]. City of publication: Publisher; year.
For example: Marchesan IQ. Deglutição atípica ou adaptada? [Video tape]. São Paulo (SP): Pró-Fono Departamento Editorial; 1995. [Video course].
ASHA: American Speech and Hearing Association. Otitis media, hearing and language development. [cited 2003 Aug29]. Available at: http://asha.org/consumers/brochures/otitis_media.htm.2000
Online Journal article
Author(s) of the article. Title of the Article. Abbreviated title of the journal. [journal on the Internet]. Date of publication [Access date with the expression "accessed on"]; volume (number): [approximate number of pages]. Website address with the expression "Available at".
For example: Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [journal on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [accessed on 2002 Aug 12]; 102(6):[about 3 p.].Available at: http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htm
Dissertation on the Internet
Author(s). Title [dissertation on the Internet]. City of publication: Publisher; date of publication [Access date with the expression "accessed on"]. Website address with the expression "Available at".
For example: Foley KM, Gelband H, editors. Improving palliative care for cancer [dissertation on the Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [accessed on July 9 2002]. Available at: http://www.nap.edu/books/0309074029/html/
Cd-Rom and DVD
Author(s). Title [type of equipment]. City of publication: Producer; year.
For example: Anderson SC, Poulsen KB. Anderson’s electronic atlas of hematology [CD-ROM]. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.
Author(s) of the website (if any). Title of the homepage [homepage on the Internet]. City: Institution; Date(s) of registration* [date of last updating with the expression "updated on"; access date with the expression "accessed on"]. Website address with the expression "Available at".
For example: Cancer-Pain.org [homepage on the Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01[updated on May 16, 2002; accessed on July 9, 2002]. Available at: http://www.cancer-pain.org/
Author(s) of the database (if any). Title [database on the Internet]. City: Institution. Date(s) of registration [date of last update with the expression "updated on" (if any); access date with the expression "accessed on"]. Website address with the expression "Available at".
For example: Jablonski S. Online Multiple Congenital Anomaly/Mental Retardation (MCA/MR) Syndromes [database on the Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US).1999 [updated on Nov 20, 2001; accessed on Aug 12, 2002]. Available at: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/jablonski/syndrome_title.html
8. Tables and Charts: Tables and charts should be formatted in Word or Excel, being fully editable and unlocked. No tables or charts will be accepted if they are pasted into the text, or without the original database in which they were created. In the case of formatted charts in Excel, the original files (xls) in which they were created must be sent. Each table must be sent on a separate page after the references. They should be self-explanatory, avoiding references to the text or other tables, and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in the order they are mentioned in the text. They should present the title at the top, in capital letters, without a period, aligned with the left edge of the table, after the indication of the table number. Below each table, the same title alignment must be used to present the legend, statistical tests (test name and p-value), and the source from which the information was obtained (when not from the author). The layout should be simple, with the top, bottom, and division lines between the header and content in bold. External vertical lines should not be drawn, as these constitute charts and not tables. Charts must follow the same guidelines as tables, differing only in the presentation format, since they may have vertical lines and must be closed laterally.
9. Figures (photographs, illustrations, and Graphs): The approximate locations figures should be indicated in the text, and they should be sent as separate attachments in TIF or JPG format with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi, and consideration should be given to the maximum width of the journal, which is 16.5 cm. They can be colored or black and white (grayscale). They must be saved and named by the article and their order within it: articleX_fig_1, articleX_fig_2. Each figure must be sent on a separate page after the references. They should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals in the order they are mentioned in the text. Legends should be presented clearly and described under the figures, out of the frame. When using statistical tests, describe the test name, p-value, and the source from which the information was obtained (when they are not the author himself). Graphs should be called Figures and should preferably be presented in the form of columns. In the case of graphs formatted in Excel, the original files (xls) from which they were created must be provided. For still images, indicate details with arrows, letters, numbers and symbols, which should be clear and large enough to withstand reduction. They must be in JPG or TIF (Tagged Image File Format) formats, and sufficiently high-resolution (minimum 300 dpi) for fully legible reproduction. Permission of the publisher and author for the use of reproductions of illustrations already published should be submitted.
10. Statistical Analysis: The authors must show that the statistical procedures employed were not only appropriate to test the hypotheses of the study but also correctly interpreted. Levels of statistical significance (for example: p <0.05; p <0.01; p <0.001) should be mentioned.
11. Abbreviations and Acronyms: These must be preceded by the full phrase at first mention. In the legends of tables and figures, they should be followed by the full phrase. When present in tables and figures, abbreviations and acronyms should be included with their meanings in subtitles. They should not be used in the title and abstract.
12. Units: values of physical quantities should be listed following the International System of Units patterns, available at: http://www.inmetro.gov.br/infotec/publicacoes/Si/si.htm.
13. ORCID: The author responsible for the submission must provide the ORCID of all authors. It is possible to create them at the time of manuscript submission (Open Researcher and Contributor ID).