ISSN 2236-4633 on-line version



1. Scope and Editorial Policies

The ALMANACK is a scientific peer-reviewed journal that publishes articles and reviews that deal with the formation of States and nations in Brazil and the Americas. The scope includes this formation as it interacts with contemporary and global historical processes, between the XVIII and XIX centuries, as well as comparative and theoretical-methodological approaches. The journal adheres to the ethical guidelines proposed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE -, to the Code of Ethics American Educational Research Association -, to FAPESP’s Code of Good Scientific Practices (, and to the publishing guidelines laid out by the Council of Science Editors (CSE -
The ALMANACK is divided into four sections: the Forum and Dossier sections are made up of articles commissioned by the Editorial Board or an ad hoc organizer. The Article and Review sections are open continually for submissions. Proposals for Dossiers that adhere to the guidelines below are also accepted continually. All articles can be submitted in Portuguese, English, French, or Spanish. The instructions for submission follow below. All manuscripts submitted to ALMANACK pass through a pre-selection where their approach to the topic is evaluated in terms of relevance, clarity of writing, and concordance with the journal’s stated purpose.
Forums and Dossiers should be published together with a short text introducing the topic, including title and bibliography, and with both Portuguese and English.
The evaluation of the manuscripts submitted to the Dossier section will be carried out by a commission, designated by the Editorial Board, involving the organizers, journal advisors, and ad hoc peer reviewers.
ALMANACK endorses the principles of Open Science and accepts manuscripts that were previously deposited on a non-commercial preprint server, provided that they have not been submitted simultaneously to peer review in another journal. The author responsible must inform if the manuscript is deposited on a preprints server and must provide the corresponding DOI.
The author(s) is/are completely responsible for the content of the submitted texts. All content published in ALMANACK is licensed by the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) ( The journal does not charge any article processing charges or submission fees.


2. Peer Review Process

The ALMANACK employs a double-blind peer-review process, in which two or more peers selected by the journal review the manuscript. Author and reviewer identities are hidden from each other throughout the entire process.
The Editor, members of the Editorial Board, and/or by invited reviewers review all scientific contributions. The review occurs in the order of these following steps:

  • Initial Review: In this stage, the Assistant Editor reviews each manuscript for fulfillment of the guidelines established in the Instructions for Authors. Any manuscript that does not fulfill the requirements will be sent back to the authors for correction. Manuscripts that do not pass this initial review will be returned to their authors.
  • Peer Review Process: Manuscripts that pass the initial review are assigned to two independent peer reviewers, in accordance with their specialization in the field.
  • Recommendations: The peer reviewers emit their recommendations directly in the OJS system. Possible decisions include “Accept Submission”, “Major Revisions”, “Reject and Resubmit”, or “Reject Submission”. If the decision is “Reject and Resubmit”, the manuscript must be adapted and send for another round of peer review.
  • Acceptance or Rejection: The Editorial Board decides, based on the peer reviewer recommendations, if the manuscript will be accepted or rejected. If the manuscript is accepted, it then passes on to the process of editing for publication


3. Ethical Recommendations

The ALMANACK supports the recommendations made by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), FAPESP’s Code of Good Scientific Practices (,  Scielo´s Guidelines on Best Practices ( and the Council of Science Editors (CSE) ( for ethical publishing practices.
The ALMANACK adopts the definition of misconduct defined by the Office of Research Integrity, meaning the fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results.
Research misconduct does not include honest error or differences of opinion.
Any cases of research misconduct will receive the associated sanction established by the Editorial Board.

  • Fabrication: is making up data or results and recording or reporting them.
  • Falsification: is manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record.
  • Plagiarism: is the appropriation of another person's ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit. The authors are responsible for the information contained in their manuscripts. The ALMANACK uses the Turnitin software that allows for the detection of similarities in submitted materials. Plagiarized manuscripts will be rejected immediately, and their authors will incur the sanctions defined by the Editorial Board.

In cases of duplicate or redundant publishing practices, corrections, and retractions, the ALMANACK has adopted the following recommendations:

  • Duplicate or Redundant Publishing Practices: The ALMANACK is committed to only publishing original material, meaning material that has not been previously published nor being considered for publishing in any other journals, even if in a different language. Articles submitted to the ALMANACK should not be submitted to any other journal while they are being evaluated. Duplicate publication refers to the practice of submitting the same study in two or more journals, and redundant publication refers to the inappropriate division of results of one study into more than one article (also known as “salami publication”). Either of these practices can result in the article’s rejection or retraction, and the authors can be subjected to the sanctions established by ALMANACK’s Editorial Board.
  • Corrections and Retractions: Errors or faults that do not constitute misconduct, independent of their nature or origin, will be corrected through an erratum. Previously published articles with an identified case of misconduct will be retracted, and an appropriately-referenced motive for retraction will be posted. All authors will be requested to agree with the content.

In terms of conflicts of interest, the ALMANACK requests that all authors, at the moment of submission, declare any personal or commercial interests that could bias the manuscript. If there are no conflicts of interest, the authors should declare the absence of conflicts of interest.
Sanctions: Practices that detract from scientific integrity, such as plagiarism, duplicate publications, or redundant publications, will be presented to the Editorial Board for review. The Board will decide on the appropriate sanction, including suspension from publishing in this journal for a determined length of time. Authors will be immediately notified of any developments in the stages of the sanction process.


4. Criteria for Submission of Reviews and Proposals for Dossiers

Reviews (Summaries):

  • Contain between 1,500 (minimum) and 2,200 (maximum) words.
  • Possess a different title from the title of the work being summarized.
  • Synthesize the piece’s central ideas.
  • Present the methodological perspective and, when applicable, the theoretical framework that the author adopted to develop the central ideas of the work.
  • Position the work in its relevant academic field, mentioning, if possible, its principal authors and its critics.
  • Provide a balanced criticism of the three previous points.
  • Present a bibliography at the end of the text.

Organization of the Dossiers:
The ALMANACK receives proposals for dossiers that fulfill the editorial guidelines and orientations enlisted below:

  • Dossiers should be proposed by one or two applicants, both with PhDs and recognized experts in the proposed topic, who are affiliated with two different institutions, preferably from two different countries.
  • Proposals should be sent in Portuguese, English, Spanish, or French.
  • Proposals should contain a minimum of four and a maximum of seven original and unedited articles, sent to the journal’s email address (, and containing:
    1. The Title of the Dossier and institutional affiliation of the proposing editors;
    2. Presentation of the proposal (two to four paragraphs);
    3. The name of the authors, with their institutional data, titles, and abstracts of the articles;
    4. Indication of a schedule for presentation of the final texts, with a brief biography of the proponent(s) (in Portuguese and English). 
    5. 50% of the texts presented in the proposal must be in English, in addition to the other languages accepted by the journal (Portuguese, Spanish, French).
    6. All texts must be sent by their own authors using the journal's submission page.
    7. The Editorial Board will reserve the right to make the final decision, which will be communicated to the proponents/organizers as soon as it made


5. Manuscript Preparation

The manuscript should be sent as a Microsoft Office Word file, containing a maximum of 12,000 words, with 12-point Times New Roman font. The file size should be below 2MB.
With the objective of facilitating the submission process, the ALMANACK recommends that authors create their manuscripts in separate files, as described below:

A file with the following data:

  • Title: must be clear and concise. For titles in Portuguese, French and Spanish, the title is also mandatory in English.
  • Authorship: For article submission Authors must have a completed undergraduate degree before submitting articles, except for reviews. Each Author must provide their complete name and affiliation, which must contain the following information: university name, department name, city, ZIP code, country, email, and ORCID iD (Open Researcher and Contributor ID). All authors must connect an ORCID iD; a free unique identifier can be generated from For manuscripts with more than one author, one author should be indicated together with their respective email and ORCID iD.
  • Funding: all sources of research funding (if any), as well as the project number and the institution responsible, must be declared. The role of funding agencies in the conception of the study, analysis and writing of the manuscript should be declared in Acknowledgements.
  • Acknowledgements: All contributors who do not meet the authorship criteria should be listed in the Acknowledgements.
  • Abstract: The abstract should briefly introduce the manuscript, without exceeding 250 words. No references should be included in the abstract. For abstracts in Portuguese, French and Spanish, the abstract is also mandatory in English.
  • Keywords: To assist with the identification of these articles, three to six keywords in English and the original language should be included, separated by commas. Authors are recommended to look up keywords in the SIBI/USP Controlled Vocabulary -

Another file, containing the text followed by the set of the bibliography cited in the footnotes.
Another file(s) for each image or graphic that may be used.

About authorship:

  • Authors must also remove their names from the Word file properties. To do this, open the text in Word and click on the “File” menu, then on the “Info” option. Once there, click on “Properties” to show the dropdown option for “Advanced Properties.” Once the pop-out box opens, find the “Summary” tab and delete the content of the “Author” field.
  • In manuscripts with more than 2 authors, it is mandatory to indicate, in the act of submission, that each author participated sufficiently in the work to assume responsibility for a significant portion of the content. ALMANACK recommends that authorship be based on the following criteria:

1. Substantial contribution to the conception of the work;
2. Analysis or interpretation of the data for the work;
3. Writing of part of the work or critical review of intellectual content for version to be published.
All collaborator who do not meet the authorship criteria should be listed in the Acknowledgements, as well as the financial support of the funding agencies.

Organization of Articles (Open Submission or Invited Forums/Dossiers) and Reviews:
Manuscripts must be organized in the following order: text (may contain tables, graphics, or images), notes, and bibliography.

  • Citation guidelines: The ALMANACK uses the footnote system, that is, all references (titles and pages) of books, articles, theses, and others should not be made in the body of the text, as a complete citation in the footnotes. References cited in the manuscript should be numbered in superscript Arabic numerals corresponding to information in footnotes.
  • In the bibliographical footnotes, the first citation must present a complete reference of the author and the work. In subsequent citations, references may be abbreviated. For this, Latin expressions must be used:
    1. Ibidem (in the same work): in place of the data from the previous citation, because the only data that varies is the page ;
    2. Idem (of the same author): in place of the author's name, when it   comes to quote different works by the same author ;
    3. Op. Cit. (work cited): Use in the case of the work mentioned above, with different page(s), but with interleaving of other notes;
    4. Loc. Cit. (in the work cited): use to designate the same page(s) of a work previously mentioned, with interleaving of other notes.
  • Citations with more than one author, their names must be separated by “;” (semicolon).

For other examples we recommend consulting the standards of ABNT-NBR-6023/2018

  • Examples:

1. Ibidem:

GUIMARAES, Lúcia Maria Paschoal. Debaixo da imediata proteção de sua majestade imperial: o IHGB (1838-1889). 1995. 339f. Tese (Doutorado em História Social). Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, 1995.
Ibidem, p.51.

2. Idem:

BERNARDES, Denis Antônio de Mendonça. Progresso e rotina… Op. Cit., p.503.
Idem. O patriotismo constitucional… Op. Cit., p.193.

3. Op. Cit.:

JANCSÓ, István; PIMENTA, João Paulo Garrido. Peças de um mosaico (ou apontamentos para o estudo da emergência da identidade nacional brasileira). In: MOTA, Carlos Guilherme (org.). Viagem incompleta: a experiência brasileira (1500-2000):  formação: histórias. 2. ed. São Paulo: SENAC, 2000. p.128.
JANCSÓ, István; PIMENTA, João Paulo Garrido. Op. Cit., p.132.

BERNARDES, Denis Antônio de Mendonça. Progresso e rotina… Op. Cit., p.503. CORREIO BRAZILIENSE. Londres: W. Lewis, Paternoster, n.10, março de 1809.
BERNARDES, Dênis Antônio de Mendonça. O patriotismo constitucional… Op. Cit., p.193.

4. Loc. Cit.:

VAINFAS, Ronaldo. Império Colonial. In: VAINFAS, Ronaldo (dir.). Dicionário do Brasil Colonial (1500-1808). Rio de Janeiro: Objetiva, 2000. p.299-301.
VAINFAS, Ronaldo. Loc. Cit.

  • Images: Images, as well as their respective legends (with full reference of authorship and holding institution), should be numbered in Greek alphabet, indicating their position in the body of the text and sent in separate files, as a supplementary document (step 4 of the electronic submission system). Only images in TIFF or JPEG formats will be accepted, with 300 dpi resolution.
  • Graphs, Figures, and Tables: Tables and Figures should be numbered according to the order in which they appear in the text and should contain a title and be in separate files. They should be open on the sides and with a totally white background.

For complete bibliographic citations, should follow the standard below:

    • Journal article – always include the DOI code in journal article references whenever available

PALACIOS, Guillermo. Messianismo e expropriação camponesa. Uma nova expedição ao Reino da Pedra Encantada do Rodeador, Pernambuco, 1820 [Messianism and Rural Expropriation. A New Expedition to the Kingdom of the Enchanted Rock of Rodeador]. Revista de História, São Paulo, n. 147, p. 71-108, 2. 2002. doi:

    • Entire book

CARVALHO, José Murilo de. A construção da ordem: a elite política imperial [The Construction of Order: The Imperial Political Elite]. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Campus, 1980.

    • Chapter of a book

JANCSÓ, István; PIMENTA, João Paulo Garrido. Peças de um mosaico (ou apontamentos para o estudo da emergência da identidade nacional brasileira) [Pieces of a Mosaic (or Signals Toward a State of Emergency in the National Brazilian Identity]. In: MOTA, Carlos Guilherme (org.). Viagem incompleta: a experiência brasileira (1500-2000) [Incomplete Voyage: The Brazilian Experience (1500-2000)]. Formação: Histórias 2nd ed. São Paulo: SENAC, 2000. p.128.

    • Chapter of a book (both organizer and author)

HOLANDA, Sérgio Buarque de. A herança colonial – sua desagregação [The Disaggregation of the Colonial Heritage]. In: HOLANDA, Sérgio Buarque de (org.). História Geral da Civilização Brasileira. Tomo II: o Brasil monárquico. Vol. 1: O processo de emancipação [General History of Brazilian Civilization. Tome II: Monarchist Brazil. Volume 1: The Emancipation Process]. São Paulo: DIFEL, 1962. p. 9-39.

    • Master’s or Doctorate Thesis

GUIMARÃES, Lúcia Maria Paschoal. Debaixo da imediata proteção de sua majestade imperial: o IHGB (1838-1889) [Under the Immediate Protection of her Royal Imperial Highness: the Brazilian Historic and Geographic Institute (1838-1889)]. 1995. 339f. Thesis (Doctorate in Social History). Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, 1995.

    • Work presented at a scientific congress

BERNARDES, Denis Antônio de Mendonça. Progresso e rotina: notas exploratórias sobre a questão da modernização técnica em Pernambuco, no século XIX [Progress and Routine: Exploratory Notes on the Issues of Modernization Techniques in Pernambuco in the XIX Century]. In: SIMPÓSIO NACIONAL DA ASSOCIAÇÃO DOS PROFESSORES UNIVERSITÁRIOS DE HISTÓRIA [NATIONAL SYMPOSIUM OF THE ASSOCIATION OF UNIVERSITY HISTORY PROFESSORS], 9., 1977, Florianópolis. Anais do IX Simpósio Nacional da Associação dos Professores Universitários de História. O homem e a técnica [Annals of the IX National Symposium of The Association Of University History Professors. The Man and the Technique]. São Paulo: ANPUH, 1979.  p.495-514, v.2.

    • Reference to electronic media

CUNHA, Mafalda Soares da; MONTEIRO, Nuno Gonçalo. Aristocracia, poder e família em Portugal, séculos XV-XVIII [Aristocracy, Power, and Family in Portugal, XV-XVIII Centuries]. In: CUNHA, Mafalda Soares da; FRANCO, Juan Hernández (orgs.). Sociedade, família e poder na Península Ibérica: elementos para uma História Comparativa [Society, Family, and Power in the Iberian Penninsula: Elements for a Comparative History]. Lisboa: Edições Colibri: CIDEHUS – Universidade de Évora: Universidad de Murcia, 2010. p.47-75. Available at: <>. Accessed on March 13th, 2015.

    • Manuscripts/print documents in archives or rare works collections

COLLECÇÃO dos actos dos parlamentos, e leis dos soberanos da Europa. Lisboa: Na Oficina de Antonio Rodrigues Galhardo, 1768 [COLLECTION of Parliamentary Acts, and Laws from European Sovereigns. Lisbon: In the office of Antonio Rodrigues Galhardo, 1768]. Biblioteca Nacional. Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Seção de Obras Raras, V-70, 1, 22.

COUTINHO, Francisco de Souza. Cartas escritas de França a El-Rei D. João IV. [Letters Written from France to King D. João IV.] [s.l.]: [s.n.], 1651. Biblioteca Geral. Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

  • In the Bibliography at the end:
    • For references whose authorship is the same as the previous reference, DO NOT USE LONG DASH. Keep the names of the authors in the same way. Example:

BIROU, A. Dicionário de ciências sociais. 5. ed. Lisboa: Dom Quixote, 1982. 454 p.
BIROU, A. Dicionário de sociologia. Porto Alegre: Globo, 1963. 280 p.

    • NO type of accentuation MUST be used (including ç, ü, ñ, among others).

For other examples, we recommend consulting the standards of ABNT-NBR-6023/2018.


6. Submission and Proofing:

Manuscripts should be submitted at the following website:, using the Submissão Online (Online Submission) button. Before publishing accepted articles, the corresponding author will receive the final edited version for review (in a PDF file). The authors must install Acrobat Reader to open and read these files (free download at the link At this phase of the process, the authors must limit their corrections to typographical errors, and may not alter the research content or authorship.



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