ISSN 0100-8358 versão impressa
ISSN 1806-9681versão online





Manuscripts should be submitted exclusively online using this link provided in the system and should follow these guidelines.




Planta Daninha is an Open Access scientific journal continuously published by the Sociedade Brasileira da Ciência das Plantas Daninhas (SBCPD). Planta Daninha publishes Research Articles, Short Communications, Opinions and Review Articles. Review Article are published by invitation of the Editorial Board of the Journal.

Articles submitted to the journal will be initially evaluated for scope, writing quality, and scientific quality by the associate editors, and may be rejected immediately or sent for peer review. Peer-reviewed articles will be evaluated by researchers of acknowledged scientific production. After review, the designed associate editor will make the final decision to accept or reject the manuscript, based on the reviewers’ recommendations.

SCOPE: Planta Daninha publishes articles covering all practical aspects of weed management and control, including:

- weed biology, ecology, and genetics;
- herbicide-resistant weeds and crops;
- chemistry, biochemistry, and physiology of herbicides;
- herbicide selectivity in crops;
- herbicide mixture interaction at biological and biochemistry level;
- environmental aspects of weed science, including herbicide fate, environmental factors affecting weed biology, ecology or management;
- biological and ecological aspects of weed control tools including biological agents, and herbicide-resistant crops;
- effect of weed management on soil, air and water. 





Articles must be submitted in English. If the author’s native language is not English, the quality of scientific writing in English must be certified by a verified editorial certificate provided by a professional service; alternatively, if the authors have experience in scientific writing in English (e.g., proficiency certificate, graduate diploma obtained in an English-speaking institution, etc.), they need to include a statement about that in the cover letter.

The contacts below are suggestions of companies that provide English translation or editing of manuscripts in the area of weed science.

- American Journal Experts (
- Bioedit Scientific Editing (
- BioMed Proofreading (
- Edanz (
- Editage (
- Enago (
- Escritalab ( Discount of 15% for authors submitting to this journal is provided using the code PD_EscritaLAB.
- GlobalEdico (
- JournalPrep (
- (
- Readytopub (





Scientific articles = This kind of article should present novel and unpublished date with proper statistical analysis and preferable be repeated in time and/or space (year, growing season or locations). The final text, excluding tables and figures, should not exceed 7.000 words;

Review reviews = Review articles should be based on a critical review of the literature, not only presenting results from other experiments but criticizing and comparing results presenting new insights in important issues within the scope of the Planta Daninha Journal. The final text, excluding tables and figures, should not exceed 8.000 words;

Short Communication: brief communications where immediate publication is justified because they are reporting an unprecedented fact of relevance, with no sufficient volume of information to constitute a full extent scientific article. Short Communication – The text should not exceed 3.000 words;

Opinion: This kind of article should present a novel method, groundbreaker technology, or important issues related to the scope of the journal. The text should not exceed 2.000 words;

Special Issue: Special Issues present a collection of articles (any kind of article described above) by different research groups on a theme of interest of the readers. These special issues can be requested by the Chief Editors or by a Guest Editor who is an expert in the specific theme. If any expert in a specific topic would like to suggest a topic and can/may serve as Guest Editor it can be done by sending an e-mail to the chief editor.




  • The documents must not have been previously published and cannot contain information published in another Journal or Book. An exception is made to those abstracts in conference proceedings, with a maximum of 250 words.
  • The corresponding author, who submits the paper, is responsible for obtaining the agreement of the co-authors if there are any.
  • Make sure to read and to follow all the instruction to avoid affecting the speed of the process.  
  • Failure to return the correction or other requests within the established deadline will result in the non-publication of the articles, regardless of the decision made in their processing.
  • Before you submit your manuscript make sure you have a suggestion of three experts who may be able to review your manuscript. Make sure to suggest experts who are not co-author of other manuscript you have published in the past. This information will be requested during the submission process.




When submitting the article for the first time, the corresponding authors must include a Cover Letter in the Comments to the Editor space of the submission form. In the letter, the authors should present their work and explain its main contribution to the advancement of knowledge in the area of weed science. The cover letter should indicate that the manuscript has not been submitted or under review in another journal. The letter should also include any statements regarding the processing of the article, English quality (see section 2 of this Instructions for Authors document), conflicts of interest, and a statement that all authors are aware and agree with the submission of the paper




  7.1 General Formatting
  • Pages should be formatted as an A4 size sheet with left margin of 3 cm and remaining margins of 2.5 cm; font type Arial, size 11; 1.5 line spacing; pages and lines numbered sequentially, including the separate files with tables and editable figures.
  • The text must be submitted in a Word file document (The system cannot handle other document format).
  • Author and co-authors’ names should be entered into the submission form in the same order in which they appear in the paper.
  • The total number of authors should not be more than eight (8) authors. Exception can be made based on request with justification to the editors on the cover letter. Changes in authorship are not possible, with exceptions accepted upon request based only on the inclusions of new experiments or specific data analysis.
  • The Planta Daninha Journal is single blinded reviewed. It means that authors name and affiliation need to be included in the submitted manuscript.
  • A maximum of 30 references will be allowed per article, except for literature reviews, which will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
  • Following international recommendations for Journal self-citation, only up 15% of the total number of citations in the manuscript can be from publications from Planta Daninha. We recommend all the authors to check the % of the references which are from Planta Daninha before submitting in the system.
  • Tables and equations must be editable. Equations should be typed in the Equation Editor (MS Word) or compatible software.

7.2 Tables and Figures

  • Each tables and figures need to be in separate files to be uploaded in the system;
  • The table or figure and its respective caption should be self-explanatory, without the need for using the main text for their understanding.
  • The titles of tables and figures should be clear and complete and include the name of the species (common or scientific) and dependent variables.
  • Units of the variables analyzed must follow the International System of Units and are positioned at the top of the columns in the tables, outside the table header. Quantities, in the case of composite units, must be separated by space, and the denominators must be indicated in superscript. Examples: µmol m-2 s-1; mg (g MS)-1.
  • Values represented in tables and figures are indicated according to the English format, with a period (.) separating decimals and with commas (,) separating groups of thousands (1,000 = one thousand; 1,000,000 = one million).
  • Tables must be provided with their respective captions with a period (.) at the end of the caption.
  • Figures formatting: Figures should be square rather than rectangles. They will fit better in a single column in the published paper.
  • Tables should be formatted as follows:
  • Titles must be self-explanatory and contain all the information necessary for understanding the values presented and the statistical analyses used;
  • The content must be editable in the Table option of Microsoft Word, without lateral borders or separation lines between columns;
  • The tables must have only three continuous lines borders (two to mark the table header and one at the end of the table). If necessary, a fourth dashed lines borders can be included to separate the basic statistical measurements, as shown below:
  • Numbers in the tables must be aligned with the decimal separator in the column;
  • Graphs, drawings, maps, and photographs used to illustrate the text are considered figures;
  • Figures must be provided as JPG, PNG, or TIFF in high resolution. Figure labels must be typed in Arial font, size 8, regular (not bold). Authors should avoid colors in figures, except for photographs. In the case of composite figures, each section (for example, each graph) should be marked as a separate item ("a, b, c...”), in lower case letters;
  • Graphs must be in JPG, PNG, or TIFF format with at least 300dpi; tables and equations must be editable in Word or Excel;
  • Figures and graphics must be cited in the text in numerical order, without abbreviations; if the figure is identified with a lowercase letter (for example, Figure 1a), it should be cited in the text with the same format;
  • Scanned figures and tables will not be accepted.

7.3 Text Sections

Research article should include:

Running title
Name of all authors (Formatting: Name M. Surname)
The authors’ institutional affiliations (Institution, Department, City, State, Country)
ORCID for each author
* Corresponding author(s) e-mail address
Abstracts: divided in sessions (Background; Objective; Methods; Results; and Conclusions)
1. Introduction
2. Materials and Methods
3. Results and Discussion
4. Conclusions
5. Author Contributions
6. Acknowledgements
7. Conflicts of Interest
8. References.


  • Main heading numbering sessions should start in the Introduction with number 1 (as example above). Sub-heading can be applied to “Materials and Methods” and “Results and Discussion”, if needed, and can be applied until the third division (Example: 2 Material and Method; 2.1 for sub-heading; 2.1.1 for sub-sub–heading). The main heading the text should be in capital letters and bold, aligned to the left of the page.
  • Scientific notes must not present text subdivisions.

Review article must include Title, Running title, Authors, Affiliation, * Corresponding author(s) e-mail address; ORCID for each author; Highlights, Abstracts, Keywords; Introduction; Materials and Methods (optional); Results and Discussion (optional); Conclusions; Author Contributions; Acknowledgements; Conflict of interest; References.

Short Communication and Opinions bust not be divided into sections.

TITLE: The title must reflect the content of the work and have no subtitles, abbreviations, formulas, or symbols. Scientific names should be included in the title only if common-English names of the species are not available. The title must be formatted in upper case, in bold.

RUNNING TITLE: a short title for the running header that is not to exceed 40 characters and spaces.

Authors' names must each have one surname in full and initials for any further forenames (for example, John C Smith). Give the full address(es) where the work was done, and the name, address, phone and e-mail address of the corresponding author.

The list of authors should accurately illustrate who contributed to the work and how (At the end of the manuscript each authors contribution must be presented). All those listed as authors should qualify for authorship according to the following criteria:

  1. Have made substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and data interpretation;
  2. Been involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content;
  3. Given final approval of the version to be published. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content;
  4. Agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Anyone who does not meet these criteria but had other participation in the work (for example, technicians who helped in data collection, in review the manuscript, scientists who may helped in the acquisition of funding, chair of department or laboratory head) should be listed, with permission, in an Acknowledgements section. Example: The authors acknowledges Dr. Paul D. Silva for sharing space and equipment in his laboratory to conduct the experiment. 

HIGHLIGHTS: Describe three major highlights of the manuscript, with a maximum of 110 characters each, including spaces.

ABSTRACT: Maximum of 250 words, including the following subtopics:
Background: State the importance of your research and present previous findings. Your hypothesis must be clear in this part of the abstract.
Objective: State the goals of your manuscript.
Methods: Summarize the methodology, treatments, and experimental design. Inform if the experiments were replicated in time/growing season.
Results: Explain the main findings that lead you to the conclusion.
Conclusions: List the main conclusions of the manuscript.

KEYWORDS: Keywords must not repeat words of the title, and the scientific name of the species studied must be included. They must be separated by commas and be in lower case, including the first term. Authors should include three to six terms, considering that a term may consist of two or more words.

The Introduction should be one to two pages long and contain the background and justification for the work, stating the importance of the scientific problem to be solved. The information provided in the introduction should be enough to establish the research hypothesis. Authors should prioritize referencing recent works published in scientific journals, but the citation of classical works is acceptable in a reasonable number. Citation of bulletins or technical circulars (“gray literature”) is not acceptable. In the last paragraph of the Introduction, the authors should present the scientific hypothesis and/or the objective of the study, as stated in the Abstract.

This section should describe the experimental conditions and methods used in such a way that there is sufficient and detailed information for the work to be replicated. Formulas, expressions or mathematical equations should be placed in their own line of text, starting at the left margin of the page. Include references for the statistical methods used and report any data transformations. Statistical significance should be indicated as follows: p<0.01 or p>0.05 (letter "p" in lower case).

In the Results and Discussion section, the authors should present the results of the research and discuss them to evaluate the variables analyzed in light of the objectives of the study. The simple comparison of the results with the data presented by other authors does not characterize their discussion. Speculation must be avoided, and data should not be presented redundantly in tables and figures. The journal does not require a separate Conclusions section, but the authors are encouraged to finish the Results and Discussion section with a summarized conclusion.

AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS: Please inform the contribution of each author to the manuscript.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS: Add as necessary. The authors are advised to check if there are any requirements from their funding agencies and supporting institutions to include their grant/process numbers in this section. If material was submitted to specialists that are not authors of the paper, or if materials or samples were borrowed or obtained from distinct institutions (museums, herbaria, libraries, and other archives), the authors are encouraged to mention them. Authors should avoid personal statements in this section and attain themselves only to aspects that directly affected the research reported in the article.

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST: Please state if the authors have any conflict of interest to declare regarding the research.

Literature citations should follow the Vancouver (author-date) style, i.e., they should be in lowercase followed by the year of publication. In the case of references with three to six authors, cite the first author in the main text followed by “et al.”,and list all authors in the references section, separated by commas. If there are more than six authors, list the first six authors, followed by the expression "et al." In the case of several works by the same author, with the same date, lowercase letters are used in the reference, in alphabetical order, following the date, to differentiate the several publications in the bibliographic list, as follows: (1992a,b). Personal communications and unpublished papers or reports should be cited in footnotes and should not appear in the References. Citation of articles published in proceedings of scientific events will no longer be accepted.

Only references strictly necessary for the understanding of the article should be cited, up to a maximum of 30 references (see section 4.1 of this document). The list of references should start on a new page.

References should be formatted following the models below, presented in alphabetical order of authors and, within this, in chronological order of publication; the titles of journals should be abbreviated. Include only works cited in the text, tables and/or figures, as follows:

In the text: (Maracahipes et al., 2011)
In the references:
Author(s). Title. Journal abbreviated name, year;volume(issue):pages.
Maracahipes L, Lenza E, Marimon BS, Oliveira EA, Pinto JRR, Marimon Junior BH. Estrutura e composição florística da vegetação lenhosa em cerrado rupestre na transição Cerrado-Floresta Amazônica, Mato Grosso, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 2011;11(1):133-41.

In the text: (Kraemer et al., 2009)
In the references:
Author(s). Title. Journal abbreviated name, year;volume(issue):pages.
Kraemer AF, Marchesan E, Grohs M, Avila LA, Machado SLO, Zanella R, et al. Lixiviação do imazethapyr em solo de várzea sob dois sistemas de manejo. Cienc Rural, 2009;39(6):1660-6.


Citation of books and book chapters should be avoided. However, when such a citation is unavoidable, it must be made as follows:
Author(s) of the book. Title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; year of publication.
Senseman S.A. Herbicide handbook. 9th. ed. Lawrence: Weed Science Society of America, 2007.


Citation of dissertations and theses should be avoided. Try to cite instead their resulting articles published in full in indexed journals. Cite only very recent dissertations/theses, when articles have not yet been published, as follows:

Author. Title [Type of document]. Place: Institution where it was presented; year.

Ribeiro D.N. Caracterização da resistência ao herbicida glyphosate em biótipos da planta daninha Lolium multiflorum (Lam.) [dissertation]. Piracicaba: Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz", 2008.






The cost of publication for authors that are members of the SBCPD is R$ 300.00 (Brazilian Reais) per article up to six (06) pages (Final format). An additional value of R$ 100.00 will be charged for each exceeding page. One of the authors must demonstrate that she or he is a member of the SBCPD, and that has the annuity paid. For authors that are not members of the SBCPD, the publication fee is R$ 200.00 per page. These values will be charged after the article has been accepted for publication and is in the final publishing format. A full or partial waiver of the publication fee is available for authors from developing countries upon request. A maximum of one waiver per author or group of articles are available per year.

Payment Options: Authors can pay the fee using:

  1. A bank deposit in the society bank account: Sociedade Brasileira da Ciência das Plantas Daninhas - SBCPD (Banco do Brasil – Agência 1212-2 C/C 36107-0); the receipt need to be sent via e-mail (, indicating the identification number of the article (given when the text is submitted in the Scielo platform) and the payment receipt.
  2. Paypal Option: Instruction will be sent after manuscript approval.




The Planta Daninha journal considers the publication of research or review articles through the fast track system.  The aim of fast-track is to prioritize the steps of peer review, editor analysis and format editing for fast publication.  The editorial committee can select manuscripts for fast tracking based on the perceived significance of the content regarding, for example, new finding, relevance with an emergent problem, new methodology and timely information compared with existing literature and articles published by the journal Planta Daninha. Additional cost of publication will not occur for fast tracking articles.



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Departamento de Fitotecnia - DFT
Universidade Federal de Viçosa - UFV
36570-000 - Viçosa-MG - BRASIL
Telefax: +55 (31) 3899-2611