Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures]]> vol. 11 num. 11 lang. pt <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> <![CDATA[<b>Stress intensity factors for an inclined and/or eccentric crack in a finite orthotropic lamina</b>]]> Stress intensity factors (SIF) are determined for an inclined and / or eccentric crack in a finite orthotropic lamina using the boundary collocation method. The stress functions are defined such that they satisfy governing equations in the domain, the boundary condition on the crack surface and also the singularity at the crack tip. The unknown coefficients in the stress functions are determined such that the boundary condition on the edges of lamina is satisfied. The analysis is also being carried out for isotropic material using finite element analysis software ANSYS for comparison of results. Also, comparison of results with existing solutions is found in good agreement. <![CDATA[<b>Prediction of combined effects of fibers and nanosilica on the mechanical properties of self-compacting concrete using artificial neural network</b>]]> In this research, the combined effect of nano-silica particles and three fiber types (steel, polypropylene and glass) on the mechanical properties (compressive, tensile and flexural strength) of reinforced self-compacting concrete(SCC) is evaluated. For this purpose, 70 mixtures in A, B, C, D, E, F and G series representing 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 percent of nano-silica particles in replacing cement content are cast. Each series involves three different fiber types and content; 0.2, 0.3 and 0.5% volume for steel fiber, 0.1, 0.15 and 0.2% of volume for polypropylene fiber and finally 0.15, 0.2 and 0.3% of volume for glass fiber. The results show that the simultaneous usage of an optimum percentage of fiber and nano-silica particles will improve the mechanical properties of SCC. Moreover, the obtained results from the experimental data are used to train a multi-layer perception (MLP)type artificial neural network(ANN). The trained network is then used to predict the effect of various parameters on the desired output namely the flexural tensile strength, tensile strength behavior and compressive strength. <![CDATA[<b>Dynamic responses and damages of water-filled cylindrical shell subjected to explosion impact laterally</b>]]> An account is given of some principal observations made from a series of experiments in which metal cylindrical shells were subjected to lateral explosion impact by different TNT charge mass and stand-off distance. These cylindrical shells were filled with water in order to identify the main effects produced by the fluid-structure interaction. In comparison, the explosion impact experiments of the empty cylindrical shells were also carried out. The effects of TNT charge mass, stand-off distance, cylindrical shell wall thickness and filled fluid (water) on perforation and deformation of metal cylindrical shells were discussed, which indicated that water increased the wall strength of the cylindrical shells under explosion impact loading, and the buckling deformation and perforation of the cylindrical shell was significantly influenced by the presence of the water; blast-resistant property of the tube under explosive impact loading of 200g TNT charge was much excellent; deformation and damage of empty cylindrical shell were more sensitive to stand-off distance changed. ALE finite element method was employed to simulate the deformations and damages of empty and water-filled cylindrical shells under explosion impact loading. The experimental and computational results are in agreement, showing the validity of the computational scheme in complex fluid-structure interaction problems involving metal materials subjected to explosion impact. The results show that internal pressure of water will increase when subjecting to impact loading, the anti-blast ability of tube structure is significantly enhanced. <![CDATA[<b>Active vibration control of an arbitrary thick piezolaminated beam with imperfectly integrated sensor and actuator layers</b>]]> A spatial state-space formulation based on the linear twodimensional piezoelasticity theory and involving local/global transfer matrices is applied to investigate the active vibration suppression of a simply supported, arbitrarily thick, orthotropic elastic beam, imperfectly integrated with spatially distributed piezoelectric actuator and sensor layers on its top and bottom surfaces, respectively. A linear spring-layer model is adopted to simulate the bonding imperfections between the host structure and the piezoelectric layers. To assist control system design, system identification is conducted by applying a frequency domain subspace approximation method with N4SID algorithm based on the first five structural modes of the system. The state space model is constructed from system identification and used for state estimation and development of control algorithm. A linear quadratic Gaussian (LQG) optimal controller is subsequently designed and simulated based on the identified model in order to actively control the response of the smart structure in both frequency and time domains. <![CDATA[<b>Predicting the dynamic material constants of Mooney-Rivlin model in broad frequency range for elastomeric components</b>]]> In this paper, dynamic material constants of 2-parameter Mooney-Rivlin model for elastomeric components are identified in broad frequency range. To consider more practical case, an elastomeric engine mount is used as the case study. Finite element model updating technique using Radial Basis Function neural networks is implemented to predict the dynamic material constants. Material constants of 2-parameter Mooney-Rivlin model are obtained by curve fitting on uni-axial stress-strain curve. The initial estimations of the material constants are achieved by using uni-axial tension test data. To ensure of the consistency of dynamic response of a real component, frequency response function of three similar engine mounts are extracted from experimental modal data and average of them used in the procedure. The results showed that this technique can successfully predict dynamic material constants of Mooney-Rivlin model for elastomeric components. <![CDATA[<b>Minimum mesh design criteria for blast wave development and structural response</b><b> - </b><b>MMALE method</b>]]> The Multi Material Arbitrary Lagrange Euler (MMALE) method is widely used method for numerical investigation of structural response under blast loading. However the method is very demanding for use at the other hand. In this paper are presented the results of the detailed numerical investigation in order to simplify some decisions contributing to the accuracy and efficiency of this model. The influence of mesh properties (particularly mesh size, its biasing and distance of the boundary (DoB) conditions from the deforming structure) on blast wave loading parameters and structural response is investigated in detail and based on the results minimum mesh design criteria is proposed. The results obtained are presented as a function of the scaled distance and additionally related to the radius of the charge. Validation studies were also done successfully. <![CDATA[<b>Dynamic analysis of a spinning functionally graded material shaft by the<i> p -</i> version of the finite element method</b>]]> This paper is concerned with the dynamic behavior of the spinning Functionally Graded Material (FGM) shaft on rigid bearings. A p- version, hierarchical finite element is employed to define the model. A theoretical study allows the establishment of the kinetic energy and the strain energy of the shaft, necessary to the result of the equations of motion. In this model the transverse shear deformation, rotary inertia and gyroscopic effects have been incorporated. A hierarchical beam finite element with six degrees of freedom per node is developed and used to model the shaft. A program is elaborate for the calculation of the natural frequencies of a spinning FGM shaft. To verify the present model, the results are compared with those available in the literature. The efficiency and accuracy of the methods employed are discussed. <![CDATA[<b>Sound transmission across orthotropic cylindrical shells using third-order shear deformation theory</b>]]> The objective of this paper is representation of an analytical solution to calculate transmission loss (TL) of an arbitrarily thick cylindrically orthotropic shell, immersed in a fluid medium with a uniform external airflow and contains internal fluids. The shell is assumed to be infinitely long and is excited by an oblique plane wave. The displacements are expanded as cubic functions of the thickness coordinate to present an analytical solution based on Third-order Shear Deformation Theory (TSDT). Equations of motion of the shell are then obtained using virtual work method. By solving shell vibration as well as acoustic wave equations simultaneously, the exact solution for TL is obtained. Predictions with the presented models are compared with those of previous models (CST and FSDT) for thin shells. Similar results are achieved as the effects of shear and rotation on TL are not noticeable in a thin shell. However, the model introduced here exhibits more accurate results for thick shells where the shear and rotation effects become more significant in lower R/h ratios. Additionally, the effects of related parameters on TL such as material and geometrical properties are discussed. <![CDATA[<b>A complete set of equations for piezo-magnetoelastic analysis of a functionally graded thick shell of revolution</b>]]> Tensor analysis and an orthogonal curvilinear coordinate system have been used to derive a complete set of equations for piezo-magneto-elastic analysis of a functionally graded (FG) thick shell of revolution with variable thickness and curvature. The mentioned structure can be subjected to mechanical, electrical and magnetic fields. It was assumed that all material properties (mechanical, electrical and magnetic properties) change functionally throughout the three axis of employed coordinate system. Kinetic and potential energies of the system have been evaluated in order to constitute the functional of the system. Final partial differential equations of the system can be derived by using minimization of the energy functional with respect to five employed functions of the system. For validation, the obtained differential equations have been reduced to two previously studied problems i.e. functionally graded piezoelectric materials and functionally graded piezomagnetic cylinders. Furthermore, numerical results are evaluated for a case study.