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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282XOn-line version ISSN 1678-4227


FONSECA, Lineu Correa  and  TEDRUS, Gloria M.A.S.. Early-onset benign childhood occipital epilepsy (Panayiotopoulos type): clinical and electroencephalographic features in 14 children. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2005, vol.63, n.2b, pp.464-468. ISSN 1678-4227.

We studied clinical and electroencephalographic features of 14 children, age range of 2 -8 years, with no neurological or neuroradiological evidence of brain damage and with occipital epileptiform activity in the EEG. Seizures were numerous in 3 cases. Age at onset was between 1-7 years. In 4 cases the seizures last for more than 20 min. Spikes were observed in 6 cases and spike and slow-wave complex in 8. Discharges blocking by eyes opening were confirmed in 4 cases. Somatosensory evoked spikes by foot stimulation were observed in 2 cases. Autonomic and versive seizures are the main clinical manifestations of Panayiotopoulos syndrome. Discharges blocking by eyes opening are a less frequent feature.

Keywords : idiopathic focal epilepsy; occipital epilepsy; electroencephalogram.

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