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Revista Brasileira de Educação Médica

Print version ISSN 0100-5502On-line version ISSN 1981-5271

Abstract

AUTONOMO, Francine Ramos de Oliveira Moura; HORTALE, Virginia Alonso; SANTOS, Gideon Borges dos  and  BOTTI, Sergio Henrique de Oliveira. A Preceptoria na Formação Médica e Multiprofissional com Ênfase na Atenção Primária – Análise das Publicações Brasileiras. Rev. bras. educ. med. [online]. 2015, vol.39, n.2, pp.316-327. ISSN 1981-5271.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-52712015v39n2e02602014.

The changing concept of health and the introduction of a different health care model has induced transformations in health education and required students to undergo preceptorship under the supervision of health care professionals.

Objective

To review the concepts and activities of preceptorship presented in Brazilian scientific publications between the years 2002 and 2012 about multidisciplinary and medical preceptorship.

Methodology

Literature review of Brazilian experiences published in the databases Lilacs, Medline, SciELO, Wholis, Portal Capes; using as descriptors “training” and “preceptorship”. The following themes were selected for the analysis: concept of preceptor/preceptorship; activities, characteristics and training of the preceptor; teacher-student-service relationship; working conditions.

Results

The terms preceptor and preceptorship are often used in the context of health education, but still lack a consistent definition. The activities and characteristics of the preceptor are heterogeneous. Preceptorship brings a teaching/pedagogical dimension, which is often absent in the formative processes of the professional.

Conclusion

The profile and activities of the preceptor must be agreed in advance of the residency programs. Considering preceptor training is critical to ensuring the transformation of Health Care Training.

Keywords : Preceptorship; Primary Health Care; Medical Education.

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