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Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures

Print version ISSN 1679-7817On-line version ISSN 1679-7825

Abstract

MASTILOVIC, Sreten. Phenomenology of the Maximum Fragment Mass Dependence Upon Ballistic Impact Parameters. Lat. Am. j. solids struct. [online]. 2017, vol.14, n.8, pp.1529-1546. ISSN 1679-7825.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1679-78253058.

Molecular dynamics simulations of the ballistic Taylor test are used to explore correlation between the largest fragment mass and the impact energy of a projectile as well as a set of selected state variables. Flat-ended, monocrystalline, nanoscale bars collide with a rigid wall with striking velocities ranging from 0.27 km/s to 60 km/s. The investigation emphasis is on two border regions of the emerging nonlinear phenomenological model identified with two transitions: the damage-fragmentation transition and the shattering transition. In between these two nonlinear regions, the maximum fragment mass is largely inversely proportional to the impact energy, and the maximum values of the pressure, temperature, and the square of the effective strain. A reverse-sigmoid phenomenological model is proposed to capture the unifying features of this nonlinear and saturable dependence. A crystallographic orientation dependence of the damage-fragmentation transition parameters is investigated.

Keywords : Taylor test; impact fragmentation; maximum fragment mass; hypervelocity impact.

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