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TOLEDO, Carlos E.V.; SOUSA, Eliane P. de; MEDEIROS, Manuel A.A.  and  BERTINI, Reinaldo J.. A new genus of dipnoiformes from the Cretaceous of Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2011, vol.83, n.4, pp.1181-1192. ISSN 0001-3765.

The Alcântara Formation, an important stratigraphic unit from the early Cenomanian of Brazil, was deposited under transitional (estuarine) conditions, and its fossil record includes fragmentary remains of plants, fishes, crocodylomorphs, pterosaurs and dinosaurs, with a noteworthy diversity of dipnoiformes tooth plates. The dipnoiformes material reported here comprises a new taxon, Equinoxiodus alcantarensis, gen. et sp. nov. Most of the identified morphotypes of continental vertebrates collected in the Alcântara Formation are similar to chronocorrelative faunas from Northern Africa, but this new genus of Dipnoiformes indicates some degree of paleogeographic isolation and endemism. This was probably caused by the widening of the equatorial Atlantic Ocean during the early Cenomanian, which may have selectively affected some species.

Keywords : Dipnoiformes; neoceratodontids; Equinoxiodus alcantarensis gen. et sp. nov.; Cretaceous.

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