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Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências

Print version ISSN 0001-3765

Abstract

LIMA-VERDE, LUIZ W.; LOIOLA, MARIA I.B.  and  FREITAS, BRENO M.. Angiosperm flora used by meliponine guilds (Apidae, Meliponina) occurring at rainforest edges in the state of Ceará, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2014, vol.86, n.3, pp.1395-1410.  Epub July 04, 2014. ISSN 0001-3765.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201420130067.

Information about the use of floristic resources of the immediate edges of ombrophilous forest (Atlantic rainforest) fragments by stingless bees is not readily available in the scientific literature. Considering the importance of these plant species for local guilds of stingless bees, this study aimed to identify and characterize the flora of the immediate borders of four Atlantic rainforest fragments situated in Baturité massif, state of Ceará, used as food resource by stingless bees. We studied the growth-form of the plants, the floristic similarity between edges and the effect of rainfall on the flowering, and suggested simple techniques for handling these areas. We compiled a total of 82 plant species with a predominance of tree and shrub form. There were different floristic richness between areas and rainfall had differentiated influence on flowering, according to the edge. We concluded that the florist components of the studied edges are relevant to the stingless bee guilds, but alternative management practices are needed to conserve both plant and bee species.

Keywords : deciduous forest; floristics; fragmented habitat; stingless bee; trophic resource.

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