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Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências

Print version ISSN 0001-3765On-line version ISSN 1678-2690

Abstract

WENDLAND, Edson; GOMES, Luis H.  and  TROEGER, Uwe. Recharge contribution to the Guarani Aquifer System estimated from the water balance method in a representative watershed. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2015, vol.87, n.2, pp.595-609.  Epub May 15, 2015. ISSN 1678-2690.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201520140062.

The contribution of recharge to regional groundwater flow systems is essential information required to establish sustainable water resources management. The objective of this work was to determine the groundwater outflow in the Ribeirão da Onça Basin using a water balance model of the saturated soil zone. The basin is located in the outcrop region of the Guarani Aquifer System (GAS). The water balance method involved the determination of direct recharge values, groundwater storage variation and base flow. The direct recharge was determined by the water table fluctuation method (WTF). The base flow was calculated by the hydrograph separation method, which was generated by a rain-flow model supported by biweekly streamflow measurements in the control section. Undisturbed soil samples were collected at depths corresponding to the variation zone of the groundwater level to determine the specific yield of the soil (drainable porosity). Water balances were performed in the saturated zone for the hydrological years from February 2004 to January 2007. The direct recharge ranged from 14.0% to 38.0%, and groundwater outflow from 0.4% to 2.4% of the respective rainfall during the same period.

Keywords : Groundwater; monitoring; recharge; specific yield; WTF.

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