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Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências

Print version ISSN 0001-3765On-line version ISSN 1678-2690

Abstract

SOARES, GIULIANA C.M.; DIAS, DENISE C.F.S.; FARIA, JOSÉ M.R.  and  BORGES, EDUARDO E.L.. Physiological and biochemical changes during the loss of desiccation tolerance in germinating Adenanthera pavonina L. seeds. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2015, vol.87, n.4, pp.2001-2011.  Epub Nov 27, 2015. ISSN 1678-2690.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201520140195.

We investigated the loss of desiccation tolerance (DT) in Adenanthera pavonina seeds during germination. Seeds were subjected to imbibition for 0, 24, 36, 48, 60 and 81 h, then dried to their initial moisture content (13%), rehydrated and evaluated for survival (resumption of growth and development of normal seedlings) and membrane system integrity (electrolyte leakage). Embryonic axes of seeds subjected only to imbibition during the same early time periods were used to investigate the electrophoretic patterns of heat-stable proteins and the relative nuclear DNA content. In A. pavonina seeds, DT remained unchanged until 36 h of imbibition (resulting in germination and 82% normal seedlings), after which it was progressively lost, and seeds with a protruded radicle length of 1 mm did not withstand dehydration. The loss of desiccation tolerance could not be related to either membrane damage caused by drying or the resumption of the cell cycle during germination. However, the decrease in heat-stable protein contents observed throughout germination may be related to the loss of DT in A. pavonina seeds.

Keywords : cell cycle; desiccation sensitivity; DNA content; drying; heat-stable proteins.

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