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Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2749On-line version ISSN 1678-2925

Abstract

HOFLING - LIMA, Ana Luisa et al. Changes in conjunctival and lid flora after topical use of lomefloxacin and tobramycin in cataract and refractive surgery. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. [online]. 2002, vol.65, n.1, pp.21-29. ISSN 1678-2925.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27492002000100005.

Purpose: To determine the changes in the conjunctival and palpebral flora after topical use of 0.3% lomefloxacin and 0.3% tobramycin eye drops in the preoperative management of patients submitted to cataract and refractive surgery and to assess the chemosensitivity of bacterial isolates from the conjunctiva and eyelid to these antibiotics. Methods: A prospective study of the conjunctival and palpebral flora of patients submitted to cataract or to refractive (PRK or LASIK) surgery was performed. An analysis of the conjunctival and palpebral flora was carried out in patients before surgery without prophylaxis, after surgery during the use of prophylaxis (0.3% lomefloxacin or 0.3% tobramycin qid) and after discontinuation of the antibiotic. Results: Tobramycin and lomefloxacin reduced the number of positive cultures in specimens from the conjunctiva and eyelid of individuals submitted to cataract and refractive surgery. In both groups, isolated microorganisms displayed a greater resistance to tobramycin. In the group submitted to cataract surgery, patients treated with prophylactic tobramycin showed a slower recovery of the flora after discontinuation of the antibiotic than those treated with lomefloxacin, with the opposite occurring in the group submitted to refractive surgery. Conclusion: Both lomefloxacin and tobramycin were effective in reducing conjunctival and palpebral flora during drug administration. This reduction was more marked in the conjunctiva. Among the various bacterial isolates, there was a greater resistance to tobramycin than to lomefloxacin. The use of antibiotics reduced the incidence of positive cultures more for the conjunctiva than the eyelids.

Keywords : Bacterial eye infections [microbiology]; Bacterial eye infections [prevention & control]; Microbial sensitivity tests; Microbial drug resistance; Postoperative complications [prevention & control]; Ophthalmic solutions; Quinolones [therapeutic use]; Quinolones [administration & dosage]; Tobramycin [therapeutic use]; Tobramycin [administration & dosage]; Comparative study; Prospective studies.

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