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Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2749On-line version ISSN 1678-2925

Abstract

CARVALHO, Luis Alberto Vieira de et al. Videokeratograph (VKS) for monitoring corneal curvature during surgery. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. [online]. 2002, vol.65, n.1, pp.37-41. ISSN 1678-2925.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27492002000100007.

Purpose: We have developed an instrument for computerized surgical videokeratography. A corneal central region of approximately 7.00 mm in diameter may be analyzed, providing the surgeon with information of the power and the astigmatism. Methods: The system is based on a fiber optic Placido disc projecting cone, which is attached to the objective lens of a Zeiss compatible surgical microscope. At the beam splitter we installed a monochromatic high resolution camera. A frame grabber is installed on a PC and images are digitized at a 480x640 resolution. Image processing is used for edge detection of rings. Results: Calibrating curves based on 4 spherical surfaces were generated and approximately 3600 points are calculated for each examination. Preliminary measurements on 10 healthy corneas were compared with those of an EyeSys System 2000 Corneal Topographer. Mean deviation was 0.05 for radius of curvature, 0.24 D for the power and 5.0 degrees for the cylinder. Conclusions: This surgical VKS, with some hardware and software improvements, may be used to reduce residual astigmatisms in conventional cataract and keratoplasty. It could also be used to gather preoperative data in corneal topography assisted LASIK.

Keywords : Corneal topography; Keratometry; Placido disc.

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