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Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2749


COVRE, Joyce Luciana et al. Comparison between amniotic membrane with and without epithelium as a support for human limbal epithelial cells cultured ex vivo. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. [online]. 2011, vol.74, n.2, pp.114-117. ISSN 0004-2749.

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and ultrastructural aspects of human limbal epithelial cells cultured on amniotic membrane (AM) with and without epithelium. METHODS: Limbal epithelial cell cultures were established from cadaveric cor neo-scleral rim explants derived from 6 different donors. The explants from each donor were placed under 3 different groups: on human preserved AM with epithelium (Group 1), AM deepithelialized with trypsin (Group 2) and control (Group 3). The epithelial cell migration was evaluated under phase contrast microscopy. After 15 days, the amniotic membrane with cells cultures were removed and submitted to scanning and transmission electron microscopy to check for epithelial migration and adhesion. RESULTS: All epithelial cell cultures from the controls grew over the botton of the culture plate wells until reaching confluence. Epithelial cultures grew over all but one denuded amniotic membrane. In the group amniotic membrane with epithelium, epithelial cell growing was observed only in 1 well. CONCLUSIONS: Using this model, denuded amniotic membrane appeared to be the best substrate for epithelial cell migration and adhesion comparing to amniotic membrane with epithelium. Removal of amniotic membrane epithelial seems to be an important step for establishing limbal epithelial cell culture on amniotic membrane.

Keywords : Epithelial cells; Cell culture techniques; Amniotic membrane; Stem cells; Limbus corneae; Cornea [cytology]; Cell adhesion; Comparative study.

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