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Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2749

Abstract

ISSAHO, Dayane Cristine; TABUSE, Marcia Keiko Uyeno; KAMIDA, Nilce Tiemi Shiwaku  and  CRONEMBERGER, Monica Fialho. Surgical results of strabismus correction in patients with myelomeningocele. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. [online]. 2015, vol.78, n.1, pp.15-18. ISSN 0004-2749.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/0004-2749.20150005.

Purpose:

Myelomeningocele is one of the most common birth defects. It is associated with severe neurological deficiencies, and ocular changes, such as strabismus, are very common. The purpose of this study was to describe indications for strabismus surgery in patients with myelomeningocele and to evaluate the results achieved with surgical correction.

Methods:

We retrospectively reviewed records of all patients with myelomeningocele who underwent surgery for strabismus correction in a 5-year period in an institution for disabled children.

Results:

The main indications for strabismus surgery were esotropia and A-pattern anisotropia. Excellent surgical results were achieved in 60.9% of patients, satisfactory in 12.2%, and unsatisfactory in 26.9%.

Conclusion:

Patients with myelomeningocele and strabismus had a high incidence of esotropia and A-pattern anisotropia. Strabismus surgery in these patients had an elevated percentage of excellent and satisfactory results, not only for the ocular deviation, but also for improvement of head posture.

Keywords : Meningomyelocele; Strabismus/surgery; Anisotropy; Visual acuity.

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