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Arquivos de Gastroenterologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2803On-line version ISSN 1678-4219

Abstract

PFEIFER, Gustavo Kuhn; CORLETA, Oly  and  GUS, Pedro. Evaluation of computed tomographic colonography for detection of colorectal polyps. Arq. Gastroenterol. [online]. 2008, vol.45, n.4, pp.301-307. ISSN 1678-4219.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0004-28032008000400008.

BACKGROUND: Computed tomographic colonography has been proposed for detection of colorectal polyps instead of colonoscopy in colorectal cancer screening programs. AIM: To evaluate the performance of computed tomographic colonography in the detection of colorectal polyps with colonoscopy used as the gold standard. METHODS: We prospectively studied 20 patients at high risk for colorectal neoplasia (14 men and 6 women; mean age, 55 years and 59 years). Computed tomographic colonography was performed immediately before colonoscopy. We inserted a rectal balloon catheter and insufflated the colon with room air to the level that a good distension was observed. Twenty milligrams of hioscin was given immediately before computed tomographic imaging of the abdomen and pelvis in order to minimize the degree of smooth-muscle spasm and peristalsis and to reduce the patient's discomfort. RESULTS: Computed tomographic colonography images were considered satisfactory in all cases. Colonoscopy detected 85 polyps in 19 of 20 patients (95%). All the observed polyps were successfully removed and examined histologically. The radiological examination correctly identified 8 of 10 polyps 10 mm or more in diameter, 2 of 19 (18,2%) with 5-9 mm, and just 1 of 53 <5mm (9,1%). Seventeen of the 43 adenomatous polyps were > 5 mm. Eight (47%) were correctly identified on computed tomographic colonography. None of the neoplasias <5 mm were identified on colonography. Nineteen patients preferred colonoscopy in the event of having to repeat on of the two examinations. CONCLUSION: For the detection of colorectal polyps, computed tomographic colonography seems to be useful only when the result is positive, as the negative results of this examination cannot eliminate the presence of these lesions.

Keywords : Colonic polyps [diagnosis]; Colonography, computed tomographic.

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