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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

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HARDY, Jules  and  MARINO JR., Raul. The surgery of the pituitary gland using a transphenoidal approach under radiofluoroscopic control and microdisection: a new treatment for diabetic retinopathy, pituitary tumors and endocrinodependent growths. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 1968, vol.26, n.1, pp.9-20. ISSN 0004-282X.

A new neurosurgical technique for the partial or total exéresis of the pituitary gland, using a transphenoidal approach under radiofluoroscopic control and microdisection is described. Part of a series of more than 140 cases operated upon by this method is reported. Results obtained in the treatment of diabetic retinopathy in 17 cases, 11 of which had only the pars anterior removed, are discussed. The applications of the transphenoidal route in 20 cases of pituitary fossa tumors are analysed. The indications of this type of operation in the management of endocrinodependent cancer is studied in 17 cases and compared with the results of 36 cases submitted to implant of Yttrium90 in the sella turcica. The operative complications following transphenoidal exéresis of the pituitary gland in the treatment of diabetic retinopathy, sellar tumors and endocrinodependent growths are presented. The authors emphazise the fact that the described technique constitutes the procedure of choice for the production of a long lasting pituitary insufficiency, in comparison to the other techniques presently in use.

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