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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282X

Abstract

BOR-SENG-SHU, Edson et al. Cerebral hemodynamics: concepts of clinical importance. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2012, vol.70, n.5, pp.352-356. ISSN 0004-282X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2012000500010.

Cerebral hemodynamics and metabolism are frequently impaired in a wide range of neurological diseases, including traumatic brain injury and stroke, with several pathophysiological mechanisms of injury. The resultant uncoupling of cerebral blood flow and metabolism can trigger secondary brain lesions, particularly in early phases, consequently worsening the patient's outcome. Cerebral blood flow regulation is influenced by blood gas content, blood viscosity, body temperature, cardiac output, altitude, cerebrovascular autoregulation, and neurovascular coupling, mediated by chemical agents such as nitric oxide (NO), carbon monoxide (CO), eicosanoid products, oxygen-derived free radicals, endothelins, K+, H+, and adenosine. A better understanding of these factors is valuable for the management of neurocritical care patients. The assessment of both cerebral hemodynamics and metabolism in the acute phase of neurocritical care conditions may contribute to a more effective planning of therapeutic strategies for reducing secondary brain lesions. In this review, the authors have discussed concepts of cerebral hemodynamics, considering aspects of clinical importance.

Keywords : cerebral hemodynamics; cerebral blood flow; cerebral autoregulation; neurovascular coupling; brain injuries; traumatic; subarachnoid hemorrhage.

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