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vol.46 número2Trigo, triticale e centeio: avaliação da eficiência ao fósforo e tolerância à toxicidade ao alumínioCompetição de adubos fosfatados no algodoeiro, em ensaio de longa duração índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Bragantia

versão impressa ISSN 0006-8705versão On-line ISSN 1678-4499

Resumo

CAMARGO, Carlos Eduardo de Oliveira et al. Wheat breeding: XVI. Evaluation of new inbred lines for the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Bragantia [online]. 1987, vol.46, n.2, pp.217-232. ISSN 1678-4499.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87051987000200006.

Twenty two inbred lines obtained at the Instituto Agronômico, from the wheat breeding program plus the cultivars BH-1146, IAC-18 and Alondra-S-46 were evaluated in field experiments carried out at Campinas Experimental Center, at Tietê and Capão Bonito Experimental Stations and at Santa Inês Farm, Maracaí, State of São Paulo, Brazil, during the years of 1983, 1984 and 1985. Grain yield, plant height, number of days from emergence to flowering and from emergence to maturation, percentage of lodging, head lenght, number of grain per spike and per spikelet, number of spikelets, weight of 100 grains, and resistance to the powdery mildew and to the stem and leaf rust agents, were evaluated under field conditions. Tests of resistance to stem and leaf and to aluminum tolerance were also made, respectively, in greenhouse and in laboratory. In relation to grain yield the lines IAC-103, IAC-104, IAC-107, IAC-167 and PAT-73121 showed good performance, but they did not differ from the control cultivars, BH-1146, IAC-18 and Alondra-S-46. The lines IAC-104, IAC-107, IAC-111, IAC-167, ISWYN-31/82 and Kenya Kifaru exhibited the semidwarf type when compared to the tall cultivars BH-1146 and IAC-18. In relation to the powdery mildew disease, the lines IAC-108 and ISWYN-31/82 showed high resistance under field conditions. The line IAC-167 and the cultivar Alondra-S-46 were resistant to eight races and IAC-103 and Kenya Kifaru were resistant to seven races of P. graminis tritici, causal agent of stem rust under greenhouse conditions. The lines IAC-104, IAC-108, IAC-110, IAC-111, IAC-167, ISWYN-31/82 and Kenya Kifaru showed high resistance to stem rust under natural conditions of plant infection. The line IAC-1 67 was resistant to three races of P. recondita at the seedling stage under greenhouse conditions. The lines IAC-100, IAC-101, IAC-111, IAC-167 and PAT-73121 presented good resistance to this disease under natural infection out in the field. The lines IAC-99 and IAC-109 were as tolerant to the presence of 10 mg/l of Al3+ in the nutrient solution as the cultivars IAC-18 and BH-1146.

Palavras-chave : wheat; cultivars; lines; grain yield; resistance; rusts; aluminum toxicity; semidwarf.

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