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Bragantia

Print version ISSN 0006-8705On-line version ISSN 1678-4499

Abstract

FERRAZ, Hélvio Gledson Maciel et al. Antagonistic rhizobacteria and jasmonic acid induce resistance against tomato bacterial spot. Bragantia [online]. 2015, vol.74, n.4, pp.417-427.  Epub Sep 15, 2015. ISSN 1678-4499.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-4499.0074.

Tomato bacterial spot on tomato may be caused by four species of Xanthomonas and among them X. gardneri(Xg) is the most destructive one, especially in areas irrigated using a center pivot system in Minas Gerais state and the midwest region of Brazil. Due to the ineffectiveness of chemical control and the lack of cultivars with high levels of genetic resistance, this study investigated the potential of three antagonists (Streptomyces setonii (UFV618), Bacillus cereus (UFV592) and Serratia marcescens (UFV252)), and the hormone jasmonic acid (JA) as a positive control, to reduce bacterial spot symptoms and to potentiate defense enzymes in the leaves of tomato plants infected by Xg. Tomato seeds were microbiolized with each antagonist, and the soil was drenched with these bacteria. The plants were sprayed with JA 48 h before Xginoculation. The final average severity on the tomato plants was reduced by 29.44, 59.26 and 61.33% in the UFV592, UFV618 and JA treatments, respectively. The UFV618 antagonist was as effective as JA in reducing bacterial spot symptoms on tomatoes, which can be explained by the greater activities of defense enzymes that are commonly involved in host resistance against bacterial diseases. These results suggest that JA and the UFV618 antagonist can be used in the integrated management of bacterial spot on tomatoes.

Keywords : Xanthomonas gardneri; Solanum lycopersicum; biological control; host defense mechanisms; induced resistance.

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