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OLIVEIRA, Luísa  and  CARVALHO, Helena. Precarious employment in Europe. Dados [online]. 2008, vol.51, n.3, pp.541-567. ISSN 1678-4588.

This article examines the hypothesis of the emergence of a post-Fordist wage relationship, exploring one of this concept's components: the transformation of permanent employment into precarious employment. Based on Eurostat data, the article analyzes the evolution of the temporary work indicator in the last twenty years and the reasons that lead workers to accept this situation, according to a generational matrix. The article concludes that there has been a structural change to the extent that all countries have moved towards greater flexibilization of employment relations through liberalization of layoffs, expansion of temporary work, or a combination of the two.

Keywords : casualization; flexibilization of employment relations; Principal Components Analysis for Categorical Data - CatPca.

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