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Revista Brasileira de Biologia

Print version ISSN 0034-7108


RODRIGUEZ, M. P.  and  MATSUMURA-TUNDISI, T.. Variation of density, species composition and dominance of Rotifers at a shallow tropical reservoir (Broa reservoir, SP, Brazil) in a short scale time. Rev. Bras. Biol. [online]. 2000, vol.60, n.1, pp.01-09. ISSN 0034-7108.

Rotifers are the predominant group of zooplankton found in the majority of reservoirs, constituting more than 60% of the total zooplankton present. Being opportunistic organisms, they easily adapt to changes in environmental conditions, and it is therefore difficult to establish a constant level of composition and occurrence of a species in specific areas at specific times. In order to establish how changes in composition and predominance of a species occurs within a dynamic system, the daily variation in the total density of rotifers and that of the dominant species were studied at short intervals during a period of 20 days at Lobo (Broa) reservoir. Filinia pejleri and Keratella americana were the predominant species, making up 64.3% of the total rotifers. However, during the first five days of the study, there was a predominance of two genera, Conochilus (C. coenobasis and C. unicornis) and Keratella (K. americana and K. cochlearis), with the genus Conochilus being substituted by the genus Filinia from the seventh day onwards, which, together with the genus Keratella, was predominant until the end of the study period. The increase in density of Filinia pejleri and Keratella americana was found to be associated with increased wind speed. The resulting turbulence could cause changes in the behavior and metabolism of the organisms, increasing the rate of reproduction, which in turn could be attributed to the greater availability of food through the suspension of material from the lake bed.

Keywords : Density; composition; dominance; rotifers; reservoir.

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