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Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem

Print version ISSN 0034-7167On-line version ISSN 1984-0446

Abstract

TREVIZANI, Fernanda Auxiliadora; DORETO, Daniella Tech; LIMA, Gabriella Santos  and  MARQUES, Sueli. Self-care activities, sociodemographic variables, treatment and depressive symptoms among older adults with Diabetes Mellitus. Rev. Bras. Enferm. [online]. 2019, vol.72, suppl.2, pp.22-29.  Epub Dec 05, 2019. ISSN 1984-0446.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2017-0579.

Objective:

to analyze the association between self-care activities of older adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and sociodemographic variables, type of treatment and depressive symptoms.

Method:

inferential and cross-sectional study, with 121 older adults with Type 2 DM in ambulatory care. We used a questionnaire for characterization of sociodemographic and health, questionnaire self-care activities with DM, Mini Mental State Examination and Geriatric Depression Scale. The association of variables was used (Fisher’s exact test) and for comparing the means (Student’s t-test and analysis of variance).

Results:

The mean age was 68.1 years, the majority were women (57.2%), retired (71.9%) and married (65.3%). The highest averages were for the activities: “to dry the spaces between the toes, after washing them” and smaller averages for “exercise”.

Conclusion:

In spite of high average for self-care activities, there is a need for enhanced performance and compliance to them.

Keywords : Aged; Self Care; Diabetes Mellitus; Aging; Nursing.

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