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Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia

Print version ISSN 0034-7280

Abstract

LORENA, Silvia Helena Tavares  and  SILVA, João Amaro Ferrari. Acute dacryocystitis: two cases reports. Rev. bras.oftalmol. [online]. 2011, vol.70, n.1, pp.37-40. ISSN 0034-7280.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-72802011000100008.

The adult lacrimal obstruction can be congenital or acquired. In the case of the acquired form, the etiology classifies in not-specific (it involves the coating epithelium and/or the vascular plexus submucosae of the lacrimal duct) and specific (infections, inflammations, tumours and iatrogenies). The diagnosis is established by means of the anamnesis and clinical evaluation based on semiology of the lacrimal sack. The patients with lacrimal obstruction present epiphora, acute pains and swelling, mostly in the region of the lacrimal sack causing ectasye of various degrees whichn culminate with cutaneous fistulization. The image exams routinely proposed for dacryocysto-graphy, which represent a great help in showing the best surgical technique for dacryocystorhinostomy, will be indicated as soon as the acute inflammatory state is treated.

Keywords : Dacryocystitis; Dacryocystorhinos-tomy [methods]; Lacrimal apparatus disease [physiopathology]; Lacrimal duct obstruction [surgery]; Ophthalmologic surgical procedures; Case reports.

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