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Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia

Print version ISSN 0034-7280On-line version ISSN 1982-8551

Abstract

FONSECA, Bruno Abud da; MARCOS, Alléxya Affonso Antunes  and  LEITE FILHO, Luiz Augusto Morizot. Penetrating keratoplasty performed at ophthalmologic reference service review of results and complications. Rev. bras.oftalmol. [online]. 2018, vol.77, n.6, pp.342-344. ISSN 1982-8551.  https://doi.org/10.5935/0034-7280.20180074.

Objective:

To describe the epidemiological profile, complications and visual acuity improvement in patients submitted to penetrating keratoplasty in the Policlínica de Botafogo-RJ.

Methods:

Cross - sectional and retrospective study, carried out from January 2014 to April 2018, with review of 27 charts of patients submitted to transplantation.

Results:

Of the 27 patients evaluated, 15 (55.5%) were male and 12 (44.5%) were female. Mean age was 46.7 (DP 20.2). The indications for transplantation were corneal ulcer 6 (22.2%), keratoconus 5 (18.5%), bullous keratopathy 5 (18.5%), keratopathy in lane 2 (7.4%), leukoma 2 (7.4%), rejection, 2 (7.4%), primary failure 1 (3.7%), recurrence of infection 1 (3.7%), corneal ectasia after LASIK 1 (3.7%), descemetocele 1 (3.7%) and granular dystrophy 1 (3.7%). The main complications 4 (26.6%) were the occurrence of glaucoma and cataract. Regarding visual acuity, in the pre-transplant period 22 (81.5%) of the patients had the best corrected VA worse than or equal to 20/400.

Conclusion:

Studies of this nature allow us to improve surgical, postoperative follow-up and patient care.

Keywords : Corneal transplantation/epidemiology; Corneal transplantation/adverse effects; Health profile; Corneal diseases; Tissue transplantation; Corneal endothelium/pathology.

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