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Revista Ceres

Print version ISSN 0034-737X

Abstract

RIBEIRO, Nerinéia Dalfollo et al. Selection of common bean lines with high grain yield and high grain calcium and iron concentrations. Rev. Ceres [online]. 2014, vol.61, n.1, pp.77-83. ISSN 0034-737X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-737X2014000100010.

Genetic improvement of common bean nutritional quality has advantages in marketing and can contribute to society as a food source. The objective of this study was to evaluate the genetic variability for grain yield, calcium and iron concentrations in grains of inbred common bean lines obtained by different breeding methods. For this, 136 F7 inbred lines were obtained using the Pedigree method and 136 F7 inbred lines were obtained using the Single-Seed Descent (SSD) method. The lines showed genetic variability for grain yield, and concentrations of calcium and iron independently of the method of advancing segregating populations. The Pedigree method allows obtaining a greater number of lines with high grain yield. Selection using the SSD method allows the identification of a larger number of lines with high concentrations of calcium and iron in grains. Weak negative correlations were found between grain yield and calcium concentration (r = -0.0994) and grain yield and iron concentration (r = -0.3926). Several lines show genetic superiority for grain yield and concentrations of calcium and iron in grains and their selection can result in new common bean cultivars with high nutritional quality.

Keywords : Phaseolus vulgaris L.; breeding methods; variability genetic; Pearson correlation; nutritional quality.

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