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Revista Ceres

versão impressa ISSN 0034-737Xversão On-line ISSN 2177-3491

Resumo

CARDOSO, Deise Silva Castro Pimentel; PEREIRA, Ariana Mota; CORREIA, Teresa Drummond  e  FINGER, Fernando Luiz. Drying time and post-harvest quality of onion bulbs submitted to artificial curing. Rev. Ceres [online]. 2016, vol.63, n.6, pp.822-828. ISSN 2177-3491.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-737x201663060011.

After harvest, onion bulbs are submitted to curing, whose objective is to provide loss of moisture in leaves and drying of outer layers (peel) of bulbs, reaching attractive external coloration and reduction in the intensity of rottenness. The objective of this study was to use an air treatment unit (ATU) - known as heat pump - as an alternative drying method, and to evaluate drying time and preservation of the chemical and physical characteristics. The experiment was carried out in a complete random design with ten replicates and three treatments, which were the following: T1- (control) natural curing in shed; (2) T2- (aeration with air artificially heated by propane burning); and (3) T3- (aeration with artificially dehydrated and heated air using ATU). Curing completion time, relative water content (RWC) of the skin and inner layers, pulp color and skin coloring, total titratable acidity (TTA), total soluble solids (TSS), visual index of dormancy breaking (VID), and fresh weight loss (FWL) were evaluated in this study. No significant difference (p < 0.05) were found for TTA, TSS, VID, FWL, and pulp color among treatments. It can be concluded that T3 promoted a faster curing (12 hours) of bulbs, which provided bulbs with drier skin and intense yellow color.

Palavras-chave : Allium cepa; chemical and physical characteristics; drying methods; heated air.

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