SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.39 número1Mortalidade por homicídios no Brasil na década de 90: o papel das armas de fogoImpacto da vacinação contra influenza na mortalidade por doenças respiratórias em idosos índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

Compartilhar


Revista de Saúde Pública

versão impressa ISSN 0034-8910versão On-line ISSN 1518-8787

Resumo

CALDEIRA, Antônio Prates; FRANCA, Elisabeth; PERPETUO, Ignez Helena Oliva  e  GOULART, Eugênio Marcos Andrade. Trends in avoidable causes of infant mortality in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 1984 to 1998. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2005, vol.39, n.1, pp.67-74. ISSN 1518-8787.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102005000100009.

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the infant mortality trend in a metropolitan area, from 1984 to 1998. The main focus was on avoidable causes of neonatal and post-neonatal mortality. METHODS: Sources of data were the Sistema de Informações em Mortalidade do Ministério da Saúde (SIM-MS) [Mortality Information System of the Ministry of Health] and Fundação Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) [Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics Foundation] (official live birth and death records) for the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte, in the State of Minas Gerais. A simple linear regression model was used to evaluate time-trends of mortality rates. Statistical significance of the inclination of the regression curves was considered for the p<0.05 level. RESULTS: During the 15 year period in question, the infant mortality rate declined from 48.5 to 22.1/1,000 live births. However, the most accentuated decrease was observed during the last four years of the study period. The post-neonatal group was greatly responsible for this decline both in the capital and in the other districts within the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte. CONCLUSIONS: Although a significant decrease in the infant mortality rate has been observed, particularly in the post-neonatal mortality, it is still larger than the rates found in developed countries. Deaths due to perinatal morbidities as well as the group of causes represented by diarrhea-pneumonia-malnutrition still present an important potential for reduction. The authors discuss the role of the health services in improving the rates of these avoidable causes of infant mortality.

Palavras-chave : Infant mortality; Postneonatal mortality; Death certificates; Medical records; Information systems; Mortality rate.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Português     · Português ( pdf ) | Inglês ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons