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Revista de Saúde Pública

versão impressa ISSN 0034-8910versão On-line ISSN 1518-8787

Resumo

JAEGER, Gustavo Pêgas; MOLA, Christian Loret de  e  SILVEIRA, Mariangela Freitas. Alcohol-related disorders and associated factors in a rural area in Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2018, vol.52, suppl.1, 8s.  Epub 17-Set-2018. ISSN 1518-8787.  https://doi.org/10.11606/s1518-8787.2018052000262.

OBJECTIVE

To describe the prevalence of alcohol-related disorders and associated factors in an exclusively rural population.

METHODS

This is a cross-sectional, population-based study of a rural research consortium, conducted in a medium-sized city in Southern Brazil, with adults living in a rural area, using the AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test). The analysis included the prevalence of alcohol-related disorders and associated factors, such as the sociodemographic, family, and health factors; it was carried out by Poisson regression, in a hierarchical analysis model, with a 95% confidence interval.

RESULTS

The final sample amounted to 1,519 subjects. The prevalence of alcohol-related disorders (AUDIT ≥ 8) was 8.4% (95%CI 7.0–9.8). Risk factors for alcohol-related disorders were being male (PR = 8.2, 95%CI 4.82–14.16), age group between 18 and 29 years (PR = 3.29, 95%CI 1.80–6.0), and smoking (PR = 1.88, 95%CI 1.03–3.43). The practice of religion (PR = 0.38, 95%CI 0.25–0.58) and education level between nine and 11 years (PR = 0.33, 95%CI 0.16–0.69) were protective factors with statistical significance. Marital status and social status were not associated with the outcome studied.

CONCLUSIONS

The prevalence of alcohol-related disorders in the rural population is high, but, on average, it is lower than that found in urban populations. Risk and protective factors were similar to those found in previous studies. Men, younger persons, and smokers are at higher risk for alcohol-related disorders. On the other hand, practicing a religion and having a higher education level were protective factors.

Palavras-chave : Alcohol Drinking, epidemiology; Alcohol-Induced Disorders, epidemiology; Alcoholism, epidemiology; Risk Factors; Socioeconomic Factors; Rural Population.

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