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vol.52 suppl.1Atividade física na população rural de Pelotas, RS: prevalência e fatores associadosFatores associados à qualidade da dieta de moradores da zona rural do Sul do Brasil índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Revista de Saúde Pública

versão impressa ISSN 0034-8910versão On-line ISSN 1518-8787

Resumo

HIRSCHMANN, Roberta; GOMES, Ana Paula  e  GONCALVES, Helen. Depressive symptomatology among residents of the rural area of a city in Southern Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2018, vol.52, suppl.1, 11s.  Epub 17-Set-2018. ISSN 1518-8787.  https://doi.org/10.11606/s1518-8787.2018052000266.

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the prevalence and demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral and health factors associated with depressive symptomatology in rural residents.

METHODS

This is a population-based, cross-sectional study with a representative sample of 1,453 residents aged 18 years or over of the rural area of the city of Pelotas, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. We used the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale to evaluate depressive symptomatology, considering the cutoff point ≥ 8 points. We evaluated the association between the outcome and the independent variables using Poisson regression.

RESULTS

The prevalence of depressive symptomatology was 35.4% (95%CI 31.5–39.3). After adjustment, the depressive symptomatology was higher among women (PR = 1.77, 95%CI 1.46–2.15), individuals with low education level (0–4 years of study) (PR = 1.62, 95%CI 1.22–2.16), worse socioeconomic conditions (classes D or E) (PR = 1.49, 95%CI 1.22–1.83), and with chronic diseases (PR = 1.74, 95%CI 1.24–2.45).

CONCLUSIONS

The high prevalence of depressive symptomatology in rural residents indicates the relevance of depression as an important public health problem in this population. Specific attention should be aimed at the subgroups that presented the highest prevalence of symptomatology.

Palavras-chave : Adult; Depressive Disorder, epidemiology; Risk Factors; Socioeconomic Factors; Rural Population.

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