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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo

On-line version ISSN 1678-9946

Abstract

BUSSER, Felipe Delatorre et al. A Real Time PCR strategy for the detection and quantification of Candida albicans in human blood. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo [online]. 2020, vol.62, e9.  Epub Feb 07, 2020. ISSN 1678-9946.  https://doi.org/10.1590/s1678-9946202062009.

Candidemia is a significant cause of bloodstream infections (BSI) in nosocomial settings. The identification of species can potentially improve the quality of care and decrease human mortality. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) was evaluated for Candida albicans detection using culture suspensions containing C. albicans , spiked human blood, the cloned qPCR target fragment (ITS2 region) and the results of these assays were compared. The assays showed a good detection limit: C. albicans DNA extracted from yeast (sensitivity 0.2 CFU/µL), spiked human blood (sensitivity 10 CFU/mL), and cloned fragment of ITS2 region (sensitivity 20 target copies/μL). The efficiency of ITS2 fragment-qPCR ranged from 89.67 to 97.07, and the linearity (R2) of the standard curve ranged from 0.992 to 0.999. The results showed that this ITS2-qPCR has a great potential as a molecular prototype model for the development of a test to be applied in clinical practice, greatly reducing the time of candidemia diagnosis, which is extremely important in this clinical setting.

Keywords : Candida albicans; Candidemia; Detection; Invasive candidiasis; ITS2; Quantitative PCR.

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