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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical

versão impressa ISSN 0037-8682

Resumo

DE ARAUJO E ARAUJO, Ana Eugenia Ribeiro et al. Factors associated with neural alterations and physical disabilities in patients with leprosy in São Luis, State of Maranhão, Brazil. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2014, vol.47, n.4, pp.490-497. ISSN 0037-8682.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0119-2014.

Introduction

Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease that is caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk factors that are associated with neural alterations and physical disabilities in leprosy patients at the time of diagnosis.

Methods

A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted on 155 leprosy patients who participated in a program that aimed to eliminate leprosy from São Luis, State of Maranhão.

Results

Patients who were 31-45 years of age, were older than 60 years of age or had a partner were more likely to have a disability. Patients with partners were 1.14 times more likely (p = 0.025) to have disabilities of the hands. The frequency of disabilities in the feet among the patients with different clinical forms of leprosy was statistically significant.

Conclusions

The identification of risk factors that are associated with neural alterations and physical disabilities in leprosy patients is important for diagnosing the disease because this approach enables physicians to plan and prioritize actions for the treatment and monitoring of patients.

Palavras-chave : Leprosy; Associated factors; Neural changes; Physical disabilities.

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