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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical

versão impressa ISSN 0037-8682versão On-line ISSN 1678-9849

Resumo

BRIDE, Lais de Lima et al. Differences in resistance profiles and virulence genes among methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus of different lineages at a public tertiary hospital. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2019, vol.52, e20190095.  Epub 18-Jul-2019. ISSN 1678-9849.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0095-2019.

INTRODUCTION

Staphylococcus aureus is a major nosocomial pathogen that is associated with high virulence and the rapid development of drug resistance.

METHODS

We analyzed and compared the antimicrobial resistance, virulence profiles, and molecular epidemiology of 67 S. aureus strains, including 36 methicillin-sensitive (MSSA) and 31 methicillin-resistant (MRSA) strains recovered from a public hospital located in south-eastern Brazil.

RESULTS

The clones circulating in this hospital presented a great diversity, and the majority of the strains were related to clones responsible for causing worldwide epidemics: these included USA100 (New York/Japan clone), USA300, and USA600. The 31 MRSA (22 SCCmecII and 9 SCCmecIV) and 36 MSSA strains exhibited low resistance against gentamicin and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. No MRSA strain showed resistance to tetracycline. Virulence gene carriage was more diverse and abundant in MSSA than in MRSA. Of the evaluated adhesion-related genes, ebpS was the most prevalent in both MSSA and MRSA strains. The genes bbp and cna showed a strong association with MSSA strains.

CONCLUSIONS

Our findings reinforce the idea that MSSA and MRSA strains should be carefully monitored, owing to their high pathogenic potential.

Palavras-chave : Staphylococcus aureus; Epidemiology; SCCmec; Resistance; Virulence.

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