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Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria

versão impressa ISSN 0047-2085

Resumo

BERNARDO, Maria Perpeto Socorro Leite; PEREIRA, Érico Felden; LOUZADA, Fernando Mazzilli  e  D'ALMEIDA, Vânia. Sleep duration in adolescents of different socioeconomic status. J. bras. psiquiatr. [online]. 2009, vol.58, n.4, pp.231-237. ISSN 0047-2085.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0047-20852009000400003.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sleep duration in adolescents of different socioeconomic status. METHOD: We investigated 863 adolescents from 10 to 19 years in two schools in São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Sleep habits data and socioeconomic status were obtained by questionnaires. RESULTS: Mean sleep duration on days of the week was 8.83(1.87) hours and the prevalence of adolescents with eight or fewer hours/day was 39.0% on school days (p = 0.043). On adjusted analysis, age, socioeconomic status and taking a nap habit were the main factors associated with few hours of sleep. Older students (aged 18 to 19 years) showed higher prevalence of few hours of sleep when compared to younger students (10 to 11 years) (RP = 4.78; IC95%: 1.98-11.53), as well as for upper class adolescents when compared to those with lower socioeconomic status. CONCLUSION: Results showed the association between socioeconomic status and adolescents' sleep/wake habits.

Palavras-chave : Sleep; sleep deprivation; adolescent; school health.

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