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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

Print version ISSN 0074-0276

Abstract

VILELA, Ricardo Chaves  and  BENCHIMOL, Marlene. IL-10 release by bovine epithelial cells cultured with Trichomonas vaginalis and Tritrichomonas foetus. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 2013, vol.108, n.1, pp.110-112. ISSN 0074-0276.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762013000100018.

Trichomonas vaginalis and Tritrichomonas foetus are parasitic protists of the human and bovine urogenital tracts, respectively. Several studies have described the cytotoxic effects of trichomonads on urogenital tract epithelial cells. However, little is known about the host cell response against trichomonads. The aim of this study was to determine whether T. foetus and T. vaginalis stimulated the release of the cytokine interleukin (IL)-10 from cultured bovine epithelial cells. To characterise the inflammatory response induced by these parasites, primary cultures of bovine oviduct epithelial cells were exposed to either T. vaginalis or T. foetus. Within 12 h after parasite challenge, supernatants were collected and cytokine production was analysed. Large amounts of IL-10 were detected in the supernatants of cultures that had been stimulated with T. foetus. Interestingly, T. vaginalis induced only a small increase in the release of IL-10 upon exposure to the same bovine cells. Thus, the inflammatory response of the host cell is species-specific. Only T. foetus and not T. vaginalis induced the release of IL-10 by bovine oviduct epithelial cells.

Keywords : T. vaginalis; T. foetus; cytokines; host-cells; IL-10.

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