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Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP

Print version ISSN 0080-6234

Abstract

VASCONCELOS, Hérica Cristina Alves de et al. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus among adolescents. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2010, vol.44, n.4, pp.881-887. ISSN 0080-6234.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342010000400004.

The objective of this study was to identify risk factors for type 2 diabetes (DM2) in a population of private schools adolescents of Fortaleza - Brazil. A total 794 students aged 12 to 17 years, from 12 schools, were evaluated in the months of May, June, August and September 2007. A form was applied approaching sociodemographics aspects, BMI, blood pressure, capillary glycemia and sedentary lifestyle. Approximately 24% of the participants had high BMI, 65% were sedentary and 51% had family history of DM2. In those with larger income, 73.5% had family history of DM2 (p=0.04). About 39% of the adolescents had at least two risk factors for DM2. Most of the risk factors for DM2 identified in this study are changeable, therefore, susceptible to preventive interventions in the school setting.

Keywords : Diabetes mellitus, type 2; Risk factors; Adolescent; Adolescent health; Public health nursing.

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