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Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

versão On-line ISSN 1806-9657

Resumo

GUARCONI, André  e  SOBREIRA, Fabrício Moreira. Classical Methods and Calculation Algorithms for Determining Lime Requirements. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2017, vol.41, e0160069.  Epub 09-Mar-2017. ISSN 1806-9657.  https://doi.org/10.1590/18069657rbcs20160069.

The methods developed for determination of lime requirements (LR) are based on widely accepted principles. However, the formulas used for calculation have evolved little over recent decades, and in some cases there are indications of their inadequacy. The aim of this study was to compare the lime requirements calculated by three classic formulas and three algorithms, defining those most appropriate for supplying Ca and Mg to coffee plants and the smaller possibility of causing overliming. The database used contained 600 soil samples, which were collected in coffee plantings. The LR was estimated by the methods of base saturation, neutralization of Al3+, and elevation of Ca2+ and Mg2+ contents (two formulas) and by the three calculation algorithms. Averages of the lime requirements were compared, determining the frequency distribution of the 600 lime requirements (LR) estimated through each calculation method. In soils with low cation exchange capacity at pH 7, the base saturation method may fail to adequately supply the plants with Ca and Mg in many situations, while the method of Al3+ neutralization and elevation of Ca2+ and Mg2+ contents can result in the calculation of application rates that will increase the pH above the suitable range. Among the methods studied for calculating lime requirements, the algorithm that predicts reaching a defined base saturation, with adequate Ca and Mg supply and the maximum application rate limited to the H+Al value, proved to be the most efficient calculation method, and it can be recommended for use in numerous crops conditions.

Palavras-chave : pH; calcium; magnesium; deficiency; overliming.

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