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Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 0100-204Xversão On-line ISSN 1678-3921

Resumo

CUNHA, Antonio Ribeiro da; ESCOBEDO, João Francisco  e  KLOSOWSKI, Elcio Silvério. Estimate of the latent heat flux by the energy balance in protected cultivation of sweet pepper. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2002, vol.37, n.6, pp.735-743. ISSN 1678-3921.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2002000600001.

The aim of this work was to characterize and bring into relationship the net radiation with the latent heat flux equivalent to water mm, in sweet pepper crops in the field and in protected cultivation. The estimate of latent heat flux was made by the energy balance method through the Bowen ratio. Instantaneous measures were made of net radiation (Rn), sensitive (H) and latent (LE) heat fluxes, heat flux into the soil (G), and of psychrometers gradients in the crop canopy. In protected cultivation, the conversion of the available net radiation in total dry matter and fruit productivity was more efficient than in the field, in spite of lower amounts of global solar radiation received by the crop. Ratios of G/Rn and LE/Rn were lower, and that of H/Rn was higher in protected cultivation, with an equivalent latent heat flux in millimeters, 45.43% lower than that determined in the field. Available net radiation and energy losses were also lower in protected cultivation, showing a higher water use efficiency.

Palavras-chave : Capsicum annuum; solar energy; thermal radiation; evapotranspiration.

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