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Química Nova

Print version ISSN 0100-4042

Abstract

BARBOSA, Anderson dos S. et al. Immobilization of lipase by encapsulation in silica aerogel. Quím. Nova [online]. 2014, vol.37, n.6, pp.969-976. ISSN 0100-4042.  https://doi.org/10.5935/0100-4042.20140155.

Lipase from Burkholderia cepacia was immobilized in a silica matrix and dried in high pressure carbon dioxide media (aerogel). The protic ionic liquid (PIL) was used in the immobilization process by encapsulation. The objective of this work was to evaluate the influence of the drying technique using supercritical carbon dioxide in biocatalysts obtained through the sol-gel technique by evaluating temperature and pressure and, after selecting the best drying conditions, to investigate the application of the technique for the biocatalyst using ionic liquid as an additive in the immobilization process. The results for immobilized biocatalysts showed that the best conditions of pressure and temperature were 100 bar and 25 ºC, respectively, giving a total activity recovery yield of 37.27% without PIL (EN) and 44.23% with PIL (ENLI). The operational stability of the biocatalysts showed a half-life of 11.4 h for ENLI and 6 h for EN. Therefore, solvent extraction using supercritical CO2, besides shortening drying time, offers little resistance to the immobilization of lipases, since their macropores provide ample room for their molecules. The use of the ionic liquid as an additive in the process studied for the immobilization of enzymes produced attractive yields for immobilization and therefore has potential for industrial applications in the hydrolysis of vegetable oils.

Keywords : aerogel; immobilization; lipase.

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