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Eclética Química

Print version ISSN 0100-4670On-line version ISSN 1678-4618


SILVA, Fernando Vitorino et al. Geographical discrimination of mineral waters from São Paulo state through exploratory analysis. Eclet. Quím. [online]. 2002, vol.27, n.spe, pp.91-102. ISSN 1678-4618.

The correlation and grouping of mineral waters from different regions of São Paulo state was carried out using exploratory analysis of pH values and Ba, Ca, K, Mg, Na and V contents. By using principal components analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) was possible to evaluate the similarity of mineral water samples through group formation that was directly correlated with their sources. Employing scores, loadings and dendogram graphics was possible to observe the formation of two groups and the separation of Ibirá and Itú mineral water samples. The first group is composed by samples from Serra da Mantiqueira region (Águas da Prata, Campos do Jordão and Lindóia) and the other one is formed by samples from cities located above the Guarani Aquifer (Águas de Santa Bárbara, Palmares Paulista, Presidente Prudente, São Carlos, São Simão e Santa Rosa do Viterbo). The segregation of Ibirá samples was due to predominant presence of Na and V in their mineral composition, while for Itú samples it was observed higher contribution of Ba, Ca and Mg elements. The application of exploratory analysis enabled to correlate the chemical composition with the geographical source of the mineral water samples producing useful results for establishing of classification and prevision models.

Keywords : Principal components analysis; exploratory analysis; hierarchical clustering analysis; mineral water; chemometry.

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