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Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia

versión impresa ISSN 0100-512Xversión On-line ISSN 1981-5336


MAUNU, Ari. ARE NECESSARY IDENTITIES EVER DISBELIEVED?. Kriterion [online]. 2020, vol.61, n.145, pp.99-106.  Epub 18-Mayo-2020. ISSN 1981-5336.

The purpose of this paper is to bring out, by means of a simple thought experiment involving demonstratives, a discrepancy between what is expressed and what is believed (which contradicts the Theory of Direct Reference), and to consider some consequences of this - most notably, whether we might hold, for example, that the ancients never believed that Hesperus is not Phosphorus.

Palabras clave : Necessary identity; Beliefs; Indexicals; Proper names; Direct Reference Theory.

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