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Engenharia Agrícola

versão impressa ISSN 0100-6916versão On-line ISSN 1809-4430

Resumo

FURTADO, Dermeval A. et al. AMBIENCE OF SHEEP SUBMITTED TO DIFFERENT BREEDING ENVIRONMENTS AND GLOBAL TEMPERATURES. Eng. Agríc. [online]. 2018, vol.38, n.6, pp.829-834. ISSN 1809-4430.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1809-4430-eng.agric.v38n6p829-834/2018.

The aim is to characterize and to compare the black (TBG) and gray (TGG) globe temperatures in the production of sheep in the Brazilian semi-arid, using Santa Inês and Doper breeds, distributed in two thermal environments (exposed to the sun and shaded), containing 10 animals in each picket. The experimental design was completely random, 2 x 2 factorial scheme (shaded environment and sun x black and gray globe) in 46 replicates (evaluation days). There was an increase of the TBG in relation to the TGG during the evaluation times, with maximum temperature (48.1°C) at 1p.m. in the environment exposed to the sun, concomitantly with elevation of the black globe temperature and humidity index - BGHI (96.7). The result was distinct for TGG, with a maximum temperature of 37.6°C and BGHI of 86.2 in the same environment. Regardless of the thermometer used, the BGHI values exceeded the considerable comfortable limit for sheep. Under shaded conditions, the globe temperatures showed similar behavior. In sunny conditions, these temperatures diverged, higher in the black, because of the absorption conditions of the thermal radiation of the different colors.

Palavras-chave : heat absorption; surface coloring; BGHI.

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